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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bechoros 19

BECHOROS 19-20 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) What is a ‘Yotze Dofen’?

(b) Rebbi Tarfon rules ‘Yir’u’, with regard to both a Yotze Dofen and the baby that is born after it.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(a) Discussing ‘K’lal ha’Tzarich li’F’rat’ and ‘P’rat she’Hu Tzarich li’Ch’ lal’, the Beraisa cites the Pasuk in Bo “Zachar”, from which it learns us that the Pasuk “Kadesh Li Kol Bechor” is confined to males.
Into which of the thirteen principles via which the Torah is expounded does this fall?

(b) The second of the Pesukim also mentions “Peter Kol Rechem”.
What would we otherwise have thought?

(c) Why does the Torah then need to write “Bechor’’ (the K’lal)?

(d) Under which of the thirteen principles via which the Torah is expounded does this fall?

(a) What does Rav Sheravya extrapolate from the fact that ...
  1. ... the Metzi’asa of the Beraisa cites “Peter Kol Rechem” and not “Bechor”? What would have been the advantage of citing “Bechor”?
  2. ... the Seifa does cite “Bechor”?
(b) Abaye replies that really “Bechor” does not incorporate a Bechor in just one respect.
Then how does he amend the Metzi’asa? What does “Peter Rechem” really come to preclude?

(c) Why would “Bechor” then be inappropriate?

(d) Ravina on the other hand, holds that “Bechor” does incorporate a Bechor in one respect.
Then why does the Tana cite it in the Seifa?

(a) Rav Acha mi’Difti queries Ravina however.
What does he ask, based on where the Yotze Dofen is a. a male and b. a female?

(b) What do we therefore conclude?

(c) What does “Bechor” then mean?

***** Hadran Alach ‘ha’Loke’ach Ubar Paraso’ *****

Answers to questions


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(a) According to Rebbi Yishmael, if someone purchases a goat from a Nochri without knowing whether it already gave birth or not, as long as it is within its first year, he must give its next baby to the Kohen.
What would be the Din if that baby was born after it entered its second year?

(b) Up to what age do we assume that the next baby is the firstborn with regard to ...

  1. ... a sheep?
  2. ... a cow and a donkey?
(a) Rebbi Akiva disagrees.
What does he mean when he says ‘Siman ha’V’lad bi’Veheimah Dakah Tinuf’ (which will be explained in the Sugya)?

(b) What is the ‘Siman V’lad by ...

  1. ... a Beheimah Gasah?
  2. ... a woman?
(c) When, according to him, is the first baby definitely ...
  1. ... not a Bechor?
  2. ... a Bechor?
  3. ... a Safek?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael just learned that once a goat has entered its second year, the next baby is a Safek Bechor. What problem do we have with this?
Why should we assume that it is not a Bechor?

(b) We reply by establishing Rebbi Yishmael like Rebbi Meir.
What does Rebbi Meir hold?

(c) We try to establish Rebbi Yishmael even like the Rabbanan, by drawing a distinction between two kinds of Rov. How do we define ‘Tesha Chanuyos’ and ‘Sanhedrin’? By which kind of Rov might the Rabbanan then concur with Rebbi Meir?

(d) But we refute this suggestion by citing the Mishnah in Yevamos regarding ‘Katan u’Ketanah’.
What does Rebbi Meir say about a Katan or a Ketanah performing Chalitzah or Yibum? Why is that?

(a) The Rabbanan agree with Rebbi Meir regarding Chalitzah. Why is that?

(b) On what grounds do they disagree with him regarding Yibum?

(c) So what does Rava conclude? Like whom must Rebbi Yishmael hold?

(d) Ravina maintains that Rebbi Yishmael can still hold like the Rabbanan.
Why might the Rabbanan concede in the case of the birth of an animal, that we do not go after the majority?

Answers to questions

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