POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bechoros 14
BECHOROS 12-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) REDEMPTION OF A "BA'AL MUM"
(a) (Mishnah): If one was Makdish an animal with a permanent
(Kavu'a) Mum for any Korban, and it was redeemed, the
following laws apply to the animal:
1. [If it will bear a firstborn male,] Kedushas Bechor
applies to it, Matanos must be given (when it is
slaughtered), it becomes Chulin (permitted) with
respect to shearing it and working with it, its
offspring and milk (after redemption) are permitted,
one who slaughters it outside [the Mikdash] is
exempt, it cannot make [another animal Kodesh
(b) If one was Makdish an animal with no Mum or a temporary
(Over) Mum, and it became a Ba'al Mum Kavu'a, and it was
redeemed, the following laws apply:
2. If it died, it is redeemed, except for Bechor or
1. It is exempt from Bechorah and from Matanos, it does
not become Chulin regarding shearing it or working
with it, its offspring and milk are forbidden, one
who slaughters it outside is liable, it can make
(c) (Gemara) Inference: [In the Reisha] Kedushas Bechor and
Matanos apply because it was redeemed - if not, it would
2. If it died [without slaughter], it is buried.
1. The Tana holds that Kedushas Damim exempts from
Bechorah and Matanos.
(d) (Mishnah): It becomes Chulin (regarding shearing it or
working with it).
(e) Inference: These are permitted because it was redeemed -
if not, they would be forbidden.
(f) Suggestion: This supports R. Elazar, who forbids shearing
or working with Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis (which is also
(g) Rejection: No - this animal has Kedushas Damim for the
sake of [buying] Kodshei Mizbe'ach, this can be confused
with Kedushas ha'Guf for the Mizbe'ach, Chachamim decreed
to forbid shearing it or working with it before
1. [Perhaps] there is no decree concerning Bedek
(h) (Mishnah): Its offspring and milk are permitted...
(i) Question: What is the case?
1. If it became pregnant and gave birth after it was
redeemed, this is obvious -- the child is fully
(j) Answer: It became pregnant before redemption and gave
birth after redemption.
(k) Inference: Had it given birth before redemption, the
child would be forbidden.
(l) Question: May the child be redeemed Tam, or only after it
gets a Mum?
2) A "BA'AL MUM" MAY NOT BE OFFERED
(m) Answer (Beraisa): If one was Makdish a Ba'al Mum Kavu'a
for the Mizbe'ach and it gave birth, the child may be
sold without a Mum -- it does not get Kedushas Guf,
because what is Tefel (secondary) should not be greater
than the Ikar (what is primary, i.e. the mother).
1. Inference: It is not Kadosh because Tefel is not
greater than the Ikar - but if a male was Hukdash
for its value (to buy an Olah), it would have
(n) This supports Rava:
1. (Rava): If a male was Hukdash for its value, it gets
(a) (Mishnah): One who slaughters it outside is exempt.
(b) R. Elazar's text in the Mishnah reads, he is liable; R.
Elazar explains, this refers to slaughtering on a private
1. (R. Elazar): Question: What is the source that one
who slaughters a Ba'al Mum on a Bamas Yachid (at a
time when Bamos are permitted) transgresses a Lav?
(c) Question (R. Zeira): We should say that "Lo Sizbach"
forbids offering a Vlad (offspring) of Kodshim that has a
2. Answer: "Lo Sizbach la'Sh-m Elokecha Shor va'Seh
[Asher Yiheyeh Bo Mum]";
i. We do not need this to forbid a Ba'al Mum on a
Bamas Tzibur, "Averes O Shavur..." already
forbids this, therefore it forbids on a Bamas
3. Question: We should say, since we do not need it for
[regular] Kodshim on a Bamas Tzibur, it teaches
about Bechor (on a Bamas Tzibur)!
i. One might have thought, since a Ba'al Mum gets
Kedushas Bechor (it is given to Kohanim, it is
forbidden to shear it or work with it), it is
like a Tam and may be offered -- "Lo
Sizbach..." teaches, this is not so!
4. Answer: Another verse explicitly teaches about
Bechor - "Pise'ach O Iver...Lo Sizbachenu."
5. Question: We should say, since we do not need it for
Kodshim on a Bamas Tzibur, it teaches about Ma'aser!
i. One might have thought, since a Ba'al Mum can
become Ma'aser - "Lo Yevaker Bein Tov la'Ra" -
it may be offered;
6. Answer: We learn about Ma'aser from a Gezeirah
Shavah "Ha'avarah-Ha'avarah" from Bechor.
ii. "Lo Sizbach..." teaches, this is not so!
7. Question: We should say, the verse teaches about
i. One might have thought, since a Temurah can
become Kodesh, "Lo Yachalifenu v'Lo Yamir [Oso
Tov b'Ra]," it may be offered - "Lo Sizbach..."
teaches, this is not so!
8. Answer: "v'Hayah Hu u'Semuraso Yiheyeh Kodesh"
equates Temurah to it (the Korban it was intended to
i. Just like it (regular Hekdesh) may not be
offered if it has a Mum, also its Temurah.
1. Since a Ba'al Mum born to a Korban becomes Kodesh,
one might have thought that it can be offered - the
verse teaches, this is not so!
(d) Answer (Rava): We already know this from Tana d'Vei R.
1. (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): (The following
verse obligates bringing Korbanos to the Mikdash to
be offered.) "Rak Kodoshecha" - these are Temuros;
"Asher Yiheyu Lecha" - these are Vlados Kodshim, and
they are equated to "u'Nedarecha";
(e) (Mishnah): It cannot make Temurah.
2. Just like a Neder may not be offered if it is a
Ba'al Mum, also [Temuros and] Vlados Kodshim.
(f) Question: What is the reason?
(g) Answer - Question: "[Lo Yachalifenu...] Tov b'Ra O Ra
b'Tov" - it is forbidden to [try to] substitute a good
animal (Tam) for a bad Korban (a Ba'al Mum), there is no
need to forbid substituting a Ba'al Mum for a Tam!
1. Answer: Rather, "Ra b'Tov" teaches that only a
Korban that was initially Tam can make Temurah.
(h) (Mishnah): If it died, it is redeemed.
(i) (Rav): Our Mishnah is like R. Shimon, who says that
Ha'amadah and Ha'arachah apply to Kodshei Mizbe'ach (to
be redeemed, they must be stood up alive in front of a
Kohen for evaluation), but not to Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis:
1. (Mishnah - R. Shimon): If [animals of] Kodshei Bedek
ha'Bayis died, they are redeemed;
(j) (Rav): R. Shimon agrees that a Ba'al Mum me'Ikara (it had
a Mum before it was Hukdash for the Mizbe'ach) is
redeemed [if it died]. (Tosfos - really, it would be more
accurate to say that Chachamim in that Mishnah, who
require Ha'amadah and Ha'arachah for Kodshei Bedek
ha'Bayis, agree about a Ba'al Mum me'Ikara; Rav says that
R. Shimon agrees, for he surely permits it.)
(k) Question: What is his reason?
(l) Answer: "Osah" excludes a Ba'al Mum me'Ikara.
(m) Chachamim (of that Mishnah): If they (animals of Kodshei
Bedek ha'Bayis) died, they must be buried.
(n) (Rav established our Mishnah like R. Shimon, implying
that other Chachamim argue.)
(o) Question: Who are these Chachamim?
(p) Answer: They hold like Tana d'Vei Levi:
1. (Tana d'Vei Levi): Everything requires Ha'amadah and
Ha'arachah, even a Ba'al Mum me'Ikara.
2. Tana d'Vei Levi's text of the Mishnah says that
everything requires Ha'amadah and Ha'arachah, even
Chayos, even birds.
3. Question: "Osah" should exclude something!
4. This is difficult according to Tana d'Vei Levi.