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Previous daf Bechoros 16
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon
Kodshim and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section
is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in the
Gemara and Rashi)
 Gemara 16a [line 43]:
From the words of Rabeinu Gershom it can be learned that
the words "*d'Avad* *Ikri* v'Achal"
should be "*d'Avar* *Ikriv* v'Achal"
 Rashi 16b DH Veladoseihen:
The words "v'Shaicha b'Dor *Acher* Tefei"
should be "v'Shaicha b'Dor *Echad* Tefei"
(as they appear in the Bartenurah)
1) [line 12] DOKIN SHEBA'AYIN - (lit. eye's web, O.F. teile) refers to a
thin film (cataract?) that develops due to an eye-disease, which is
considered to be a blemish, or, alternatively, a cut on the eyelids, that
disqualifies an animal from being brought as a Korban, as the Torah states
in Vayikra 21:20. See Background to Menachos 78:38 with regard to blemishes
that invalidate an animal from being offered as a sacrifice.
2) [line 20] BECHOR U'MA'ASER
(a) A Bechor without a Mum is brought as a Korban by the Kohen to whom it
was given. It may only be eaten by Kohanim. If it has a Mum, the Kohen
slaughters it and eats it himself. He may share it with anyone (see Mishnah,
(b) Ma'aser Behemah without a Mum is brought by its owner as a Korban, the
meat of which is eaten by the owner himself. If it has a Mum, the owner
slaughters and eats it outside of the Beis ha'Mikdash.
*3*) [line 29] V'HA LO ALIMA L'MITPAS PIDYONAH - and this one ("v'Ha") does
not have enough Kedushah to take hold on the object with which it is
redeemed! (Therefore, its own Kedushah remains intact. This is not a
question but a statement.)
4) [line 33] CHAMESH CHATA'OS MESOS
There are five Chata'os that are put to death by being locked up without
food until they die:
5) [line 38] KOL SHEB'CHATAS MESAH, B'ASHAM RO'AH - an Asham which is in one
of the above five categories grazes until it develops a Mum, after which it
is redeemed. Its value is used to purchase an Olas Nedavah for the Tzibur
- The offspring of a Chatas
- The Temurah (see Background to Bechoros 14:5) of a Chatas
- A Chatas the owner of which has died
- A Chatas of a sheep or goat that became a year old (and is therefore invalid as a Korban Chatas), the owner of which brought a different Chatas to atone for his sins
- A Chatas that was lost and was later found with a Mum, the owner of which brought a different Chatas to atone for his sins (Temurah 21b)
6) [line 42] HEICHA D'AVAD (D'AVAR) IKRI (IKRIV) V'ACHAL - where it happened
that he ate [from it]; alt. Girsa: where he transgressed and offered it [as
a Korban] and ate [from it]
7) [last line] TZON BARZEL - lit. iron sheep, i.e. sheep that retain their
The Nochri sold his sheep to a Jew with the condition that he would pay him
after a period of ten years. They also agreed that all the offspring born
during that period would be divided between them.
8) [line 4] SHE'ACHRAYUSAN LA'OVED KOCHAVIM - they are collateral for the
9) [line 7] D'CHEIVAN D'LO NAKAT MARA ZUZEI, BI'RESHUSA D'MARA KAIMEI -
since the owner did not receive money for them, they remain in the owner's
10) [line 11] D'KABIL ALEI ONSA V'ZOLA - the Nochri accepted upon himself
any loss due to accidents and devaluation
11) [line 14] MAI PASKA? - Why did the Tana write it without qualification?
*12*) [line 25] AMAR RAV HUNA "VELADOS PETURIM" - in the *first* case of the
Mishnah, when the Jew did *not* specify that the Nochri could take the
offspring in lieu of their mother, only the first generation of offspring
are exempt from Bechorah