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Bechoros 10

BECHOROS 7-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon
Kodshim and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section
is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in the
Gemara and Rashi)

[1] Rashi 10a DH Nivlas Behemah Teme'ah:
The words "v'Achas, Teme'ah Hi" are the end of the Dibur; the words "v'Chen
Nivlas Of Tahor v'Chelev" are a new Dibur

[2] Rashi 10b DH va'Afilu l'Gufei:

[3] Rashi 10b DH u'Menalan
The words "l'Achusei l'Yedei Tum'ah" are the end of the Dibur; the words
"di'Ketani Alah" are a new Dibur

1) [line 17] HO'IL V'ISURO CHISHUVO - see Insights
2) [line 20] TZERICHA MACHSHAVAH - one must intend to eat it in order for it to receive Tumas Ochlin

(a) Foods may become Temei'im if they touch a source of Tum'ah only if they were wetted at some point in their history. Making foods wet in a manner that enables them to become Temei'im is called "Hechsher." From then on, even after they dry, they can become Temei'im. Wetting food with any of seven liquids, water, dew, oil, wine, milk, blood, and honey, can enable the food to become Tamei.
(b) The food can become Tamei only if the owner of the food was *pleased* that his food became wet. This is learned from the verse, "v'Chi Yutan Mayim Al Zera..." - "If water has been placed on seed and then the dead body [of a Sheretz] fell upon it, the seed is Tamei" (Vayikra 11:38). The word "Yutan" in the verse is written without a Vav, just like the word "Yiten" -- "he places." However, according to the Mesorah, it is read "Yutan" -- "it was placed." From this we learn that when water or other liquids fall on the food it is considered Hechsher only if their presence is desirable to the owner of the food (i.e. it is as though he himself applied them).
(c) It is necessary only for the owner to desire the liquid; he need not desire that the liquid come into contact with the food. That is, even if the owner desires the liquid for an entirely different purpose, if the liquid later comes into contact with food it will enable the food to become Tamei. On the other hand, if the owner only intended to dispose of the liquid it does not enable the food to become Tamei, since only liquids that are significant can cause Hechsher.
(d) It is only considered "Ki Yiten" when the liquid falls upon an object, with the will of the owner, that is *detached* from the ground.


4) [line 1] L'HISLAMED BO - to practice [Shechitah]
5) [line 4] OREV - raven or crow
6) [line 6] ELA LAV, ISURO CHISHUVO - see Insights
7) [line 13] AFILU L'HIS'ASEK - even if he inadvertently slaughtered it when he intended to cut something else

8) [line 14] ORFO B'KUFITZ ME'ACHORAV - he strikes it on the back of its neck with a cleaver, severing its spinal column, gullet and windpipe.

9) [line 17] KANEH - reed
10) [line 17] MAGAL - sickle
11) [line 17] KARDOM - hatchet (with a pointed and a broad side)
12) [line 17] MEGEIRAH - saw
13) [line 26] SAFRA CHAVRICH TARGUMAH - your friend Rav Safra explained it
14) [line 31] PESEIDA D'VEINI VEINI - the loss of the difference in value (between the value of the Peter Chamor and the value of the sheep with which it would have been redeemed)

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