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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 166


(a) We just learned in the Beraisa that if the Sh'tar contained 'Zahav be'Dinrim', the Ba'al ha'Sh'tar may claim two silver Dinrim-worth of gold. We ask how we know that he did not mean two golden Dinrim worth of gold nuggets.
How does Abaye answer this Kashya?

(b) What problem does this pose on the Reisha ...

  1. ... of the first Beraisa 'Kesef be'Dinrin, Ein Pachos mi'bi'Sh'nei Dinrin Dahav'?
  2. ... of the second Beraisa 'Dahav Dinrin ... Ein Pachos mi'Shenei Dinrin Dahav'?
(c) Rav Ashi answers the Kashya by drawing a distinction between Dinri and Dinrim.
What is the difference between them? What is Rav Ashi's answer?

(d) What is the source of Rav Ashi's distinction?

(a) What does the Tana in Taharos say about a woman who has five Safek Leidos or five Safek Ziyvus?

(b) What Korban is a woman obligated to bring for one Leidah or one Ziyvus?

(c) What is the meaning of a Safek ...

  1. ... Leidah?
  2. ... Ziyvus?
(d) What is the case of five Safek Ziyvos of which the Mishnah in K'riysus speaks?
(a) What is the difference between this woman and a woman who is obligated five Vaday Korbenos Leidah or five Vaday Korbenos Ziyvus?

(b) In the case of Safek, what is the point of bringing one set of birds (seeing as she is Chayav five)?

(c) Why is the woman not obligated to bring the rest of her Korbanos?

(d) And in the case of Vaday Chamesh Leidos, under what condition is she obligated to bring all five sets of birds?

(a) What did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel once swear when the going price for a pair of birds in Yerushalayim was 'Dinrei Zahav'?

(b) To what was he referring when he said 'ha'Ma'on ha'Zeh'?

(c) What did he Darshen in the Beis-Hamedrash in order to achieve this end?

(d) Immediately, the price of a pair of birds dropped to a quarter of a Dinar.
How many P'rutos is that?

5) What has Rav Ashi proved from here?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in our Mishnah that when there is something missing in the latter part of the Sh'ar, we will copy it from the first half. The Tana of the Beraisa gives as an example 'Chanan' from 'Chanani' or 'Anan' from 'Anani'.
What does he say about 'Chein' from 'Chanani' or 'An' from 'Anani'?

(b) We suggest the reason for this distinction as being because two letters can sometimes be as much as half a name (should the name on top be one of four letters).
What objection do we raise to this suggestion?

(c) What reason then, do we finally give for not accepting a discrepancy of two letters?

(a) Rav Papa takes for granted that a case where the word 'Sefel' appears on the top half of the Sh'tar and 'Kefel', on the lower half, is a typical example of our Mishnah's ruling ('Holchin Achar ha'Tachton').
If 'Sefel' refers to a cup that Reuven gave Shimon to look after, what does 'Kefel' mean?

(b) Why is the reverse case ('Kefel' on top, and 'Sefel' at the bottom), not so straightforward? What might have happened to turn the 'Kuf' into a 'Samech'?

(a) The She'eilah ends with a 'Teiku'.
What do we actually rule?

(b) And what do we rule in a case where an ox gored and killed a pregnant cow, next to which a dead calf is found, but it is not known whether it was still-born before the goring or whether the goring killed it and caused it to fall out of the womb?

(c) What makes the ruling here different than in a case?

(a) What problem did Rav Sh'ravya have with the Sh'tar, which contained the wording 'Shis Me'ah ve'Zuza'?

(b) What is an 'Istira'?

(c) Why did Abaye dismiss the possibility that 'Shis Me'ah' meant six hundred P'rutos?

(a) What does Abaye mean when he concludes 'Yad Ba'al ha'Sh'tar al ha'Tachtonah'? What are the ramifications of this statement, according to Rabeinu Chananel?

(b) On what grounds do we disagree with Rabeinu Chananel?

(c) What is then the outcome of the She'eilah? How much does the Ba'al ha'Sh'tar then receive?

(d) How will we then interpret 'Yad Ba'al ha'Sh'tar al ha'Tachtonah'?

Answers to questions

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