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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 139


(a) Our Mishnah states 'Hini'ach Banim Gedolim u'Ketanim, Ein ha'Gedolim Misparnesin al-Yedei ha'Ketanim, ve'Lo ha'Ketanim al-Yedei ha'Gedolim'. What is the difference between 'Misparnesin' and 'Nizunin'?

(b) How *do* the sons then distribute their father's property?

(c) And what does the Tana mean when he says ..

  1. ... 'Nas'u Gedolim, Yis'u Ketanim'?
  2. ... 've'Im Amru Ketanim, Harei Anu Nos'in ke'Derech she'Nasatem Atem, Ein Shom'in Lahem'?
(d) The equivalent rulings will apply if the deceased left older and younger daughters.
What does the Tana mean when he concludes 'Zeh Chomer be'Banos mi'be'Banim ... '?
(a) What does Rava say about the oldest of the brothers who wears smart clothes from the kitty?

(b) What is the reason for this concession? Is he permitted to do so Lechatchilah?

(c) How do we reconcile this ruling with our Mishnah, which forbids the older brothers to take more clothes than the younger ones?

(d) If there is no real reason to permit it, why does the Tana find it necessary to forbid it?

(a) Avuhah bar Geniva asked Rava whether, in a case where a single woman borrowed money and then got married, the creditor had the right to claim from her husband's property or not.
What are the two sides to the She'eilah? What is the criterion for being able to claim?

(b) Rava tried to resolve Avuhah's She'eilah from our Mishnah. We have already explained 'Nas'u Gedolos, Yis'u Ketanos'.
How did he interpret it?

(c) How do we know that Rava's interpretation of the Mishnah is right?

(d) How do we nevertheless refute Rava's proof? What makes Parnasah different than Mezonos in this regard?

(a) Rav Papa support Rava's opinion from a letter sent by Ravin from Eretz Yisrael.
What did the letter say about a man who died leaving an Almanah ...
  1. ... and a daughter?
  2. ... and a daughter who then got married (bringing her father's property into her husband's domain)?
(b) What did Rav Yehudah, nephew of Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, rule, when a case came before him where the daughter had died, and the husband had inherited her (father's) property?

(c) Until when does the Almanah continue to be fed from her deceased husband's estate?

(d) How does Rav Papa prove his point from here?

(a) The Mishnah in Bechoros rules that the Cheilek Bechorah does not go back into the kitty in the Yovel.
Why is that?

(b) What does the Tana there say in this regard, about a husband who inherits his wife?

(c) What point is Abaye making by citing this Mishnah?

(d) Rava retorts by citing Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, who cites Takanas Usha 'ha'Ishah she'Machrah mi'Nechsei Milug be'Chayei Ba'alah, u'Meisah, ha'Ba'al Motzi mi'Yad ha'Lekuchos'.
What is Rava trying to prove with this?

Answers to questions



(a) So what does Rav Ashi conclude? What dual status does a husband enjoy?

(b) This Takanah is basically to his advantage.
Where do we find this with regard to his status ...

  1. ... as a Yoresh?
  2. ... as a Loke'ach?
(c) How will we then explain the case of Ravin, where the fact that he is considered a Yoresh obligates the daughter's husband to sustain his father-in-law's Almanah?

(d) Then why did they not consider him a Yoresh in the case of Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, to safeguard the rights of the Loke'ach?

***** Hadran Alach 'Yesh Nochlin' *****

***** Perek Mi she'Meis *****


(a) Our Mishnah teaches that if a man dies, leaving behind sons and daughters and a large estate, his sons inherit the property, but remain obligated to sustain their sisters.
Until when, must they sustain them?

(b) What will be the Din if he leaves only a small estate?

(c) Raban Gamliel however, agrees with Admon.
What does Admon say?

(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, 'a large estate' constitutes sufficient to sustain them all for twelve months.
What did Shmuel tell Rav Yehudah when, after Rav's death, he came to learn by him?

(b) What did Ravin (or Rabah bar bar Chanah) Amar Rebbi Yochanan have to say about this?

(c) Does this mean that the daughters then take all the property and the sons have to go begging for alms?

Answers to questions

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