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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 98


(a) What does our Mishnah say about Reuven who sells Shimon wine and it turns sour?

(b) In which case does the Tana consider the sale false?

(c) Why, if Reuven promised to sell Shimon spiced wine, must he provide Shimon with his purchase before Shavu'os?

(d) What age wine must he provide him with, if he promised him ...

  1. ... Yayin Yashan?
  2. ... Yayin Meyushan? Up to when must the wine last?
(a) How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina qualify the Reisha of our Mishnah?
In whose barrels must the wine be placed for the sale to be valid?

(b) We query this however, on the grounds that even if the wine were to have been in the seller's barrels, the purchaser would have had no right to blame the seller.
Why not?

(c) How do we answer this Kashya? What did the seller stipulate when he sold the wine, that would have negated the sale had the wine been in the seller's barrels?

(d) Even if the wine was in the seller's barrels, why should he be liable, seeing as it turned sour only after he had sold it?

(a) In which two possible ways will Rav, who learned above that for the first three days following the sale, the wine remains in the seller's domain, establish our Mishnah (which absolves the seller from responsibility)?

(b) How does Rava prove from the Seifa ('ve'Im Yadu'a she'Yeino Machmitz, Harei Zeh Mekach Ta'us')?

(c) Would we blame the purchaser for not drinking the wine sooner, if the majority of people tended to leave wine for longer periods?

(d) According to Rav, who does go after the Rov in money-matters, why do we not go after the majority of people who purchase wine to keep for a long time, to hold Reuven responsible even if he did not sell the wine le'Mikpah?

(a) Rav Chiya bar Yosef disagrees with Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Chavakuk "ve'Af Ki ha'Yayin Boged, Gever Yahir ... "? In what way is this 'Midah k'Neged Midah'?

(b) What are the ramifications of his ruling?

(c) What does Rav Mari learn from the above-mentioned Pasuk " ... Gever Yahir ve'Lo Yinaveh"?

(d) And what does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "ve'Lo *Yinaveh*" "el *Nevei* Kodshecha"?

(e) What is meant by 'Kol ha'Misga'eh be'Talis shel Talmid-Chacham, ve'Eino Talmid-Chacham'?

(a) What did Rava rule in the case of Reuven who gave Shimon the store-keeper a barrel of wine to sell for a small profit, should the wine turn sour after he sold a third or half of the barrel? What is the reason for this?

(b) He would however, be liable to pay if he had changed the tap of the barrel (since this may have caused the wine to turn sour).
In which case would he be liable even if he had not?

(c) What will be the Din in a case where Shimon received a barrel of wine (to sell and share the profits) from Reuven, in the event that a price-change occurs or if the barrel is stolen or lost?

(a) What does Rava rule in a case where Reuven instructed Shimon to sell the barrel in Davel Shafat (or Zulshefat), and the price dropped before he arrived there?

(b) They asked what the Din would be if under the same circumstances, the wine turned sour before Shimon arrived in Davel Shafat.
Rav Hillel quoting Rav Kahana, answered Rav Ashi by quoting Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina (whom we discussed above).
What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say?

(c) What two possible answers did Rav Hillel cite?

(d) On what basis do we rule like the first Lashon (which in fact, rules like Rav Chiya bar Yosef, who places the responsibility on the shoulders of the owner or owners)?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the minimum size room that Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah obligates ...
  1. ... a father who undertakes to accommodate his son after his marriage, to provide him with?
  2. ... someone who sells his friend land to build a room for his son?
(b) The same applies to a father-in-law for his widowed daughter.
Why is it ...

  1. ... the father who accommodates his son after his wedding (and not the father-in-law)?
  2. ... the father-in-law who needs to provide accommodation for his widowed daughter?
(c) What does Rebbi Yishmael say?

(d) If Reuven contracts Shimon to build him a room, or sold him land to build himself one, what size room would he be obligated to build if he stipulated ...

  1. ... a small room?
  2. ... a room?
  3. ... a large room?
  4. ... a T'raklin (a a dwelling for princes)?
(a) What (common) height must each of the above be?

(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel brings a proof from the Heichal (of the Beis-Hamikdash).
What were the dimensions of the Heichal?

(c) What did ben Sira find that was lighter than ...

  1. ... bran?
  2. ... a man living in his mother-in-law's house?
  3. ... a guest inviting another guest?
(a) If the author of the Mishnah 'ha'Rotzeh La'asos Refes Bakar, Boneh Arba Amos al Sheish' is Rebbi Yishmael, the explanation is obvious.
What does the Tana mean if the author is Rebbi Akiva?

(b) What is the difference between the two explanations?

(a) We interpret 'T'raklin' in our Mishnah as Kuvsah Bei Vardi.
What is a 'Kubah' after which this room is named?

(b) Why is this princely room called by such a name? What is the significance of 'Bei Vardi'?

(c) We learned in a Beraisa that if a contractor undertook to build someone a Kantir, he is obligated to build him a Tarbatz Apadni.
What is a 'Tarbatz Apadni'?

(d) What is the significance of 'Tarbatz'?

(a) Some explain 'Re'ayah le'Davar' followed by the proof from the Heichal cited in our Mishnah in the name of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, as we explained it above. Others however, establish 'Re'ayah le'Davar' as a proof by the Chachamim.
How will we then explain the conclusion of the Mishnah 'Raban Shimon ben Gamliel Omer, ke'Binyan ha'Heichal'?

(b) On what basis do we query the first interpretation, which seems to be the obvious one?

(a) Acherim in a Beraisa gives the height of a house as 'the beams'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) One possible reason that Acherim equates the height with the length of the beams, rather than with the width of the house, is because 'Beisa me'Ila'i Ravach'.
What does this mean?

(c) What is the second answer to this Kashya (see Rabeinu Gershom)?

(a) When Rebbi Chanina went to town, they asked him an apparent discrepancy between two Pesukim in Melachim. One Pasuk gives the dimensions of the Heichal together with the D'vir as we quoted them earlier, including a height of thirty Amos.
What does the second Pasuk say with regard to the height of the D'vir?

(b) How did Rebbi Chanina's resolve the discrepancy?

(c) Why does the Pasuk give the height of the D'vir as twenty Amos, measured from above the Keruvim, and not the real height of thirty Amos from the floor?

Answers to questions

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