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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 60

BAVA BASRA 60 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) What does our Mishnah say about opening a door or a window in a Chatzer in which one resides?

(b) Will it make any difference if one already has a Chazakah?

(c) May one enlarge an existing window or open two where one has a Chazakah on one?

(d) Where is opening a door facing a door or a window facing a window permitted?

(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the Pasuk in Balak "And Bilam raised his eyes and he saw Yisrael dwelling according to their tribes"?

(b) What makes Rami bar Chama think that it is only a door of four Amos that the Tana forbids to turn into one of eight, but that he permits turning one of two Amos into four?

(c) On what grounds does Rava refute Rami's explanation?

(a) What makes Rami bar Chama think that it is only a door of four Amos that the Tana forbids to turn into two doors of two each, but that he permits turning a door of eight Amos into two doors of four each?

(b) On what grounds does Rava disagree with Rami's explanation?

(c) Why does the Tana permit opening a new door facing a door or a window, if they already face a Reshus ha'Rabim?

(a) What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah forbid doing underneath the Reshus ha'Rabim?

(b) Will it make any difference if he undertakes to pay for any damages that he causes?

(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(d) On what grounds do the Rabbanan argue with Rebbi Eliezer? What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(a) Under what circumstances may one build a ledge on one's wall that protrudes into the Reshus ha'Rabim?

(b) Someone who purchases a wall from which ledges or G'zuztera'os jut out into the street is not obligated to do this.
Why not?

(c) What did Rebbi Ami instruct that man from whose wall a ledge jutted out into the street to do?

(d) What did he reply when the man queried him about a ledge that jutted out from *his* wall into the Mavoy (alleyway) that ran past his Chatzer?

(a) On what grounds did people complain to Rebbi Yanai about the branches of a neighbor's tree that were hanging over the Reshus ha'Rabim?

(b) When the man arrived in court, Rebbi Yanai initially instructed him to go home and return the next day.
What did he reply the following day, when the defendant queried his right to order him to cut down his tree, on the grounds that he (Rebbi Yanai) himself, was guilty of the same offense?

(c) Why did Rebbi Yanai find it necessary to do what he did? Why could he not issue his ruling first and cut down his own tree later?

(d) Why did Rebbi Yanai not cut down his tree earlier?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yochanan rules that, if the owner of the wall that adjoined the Reshus ha'Rabim moved it back without actually fitting a ledge, he could add it at a later date.
What does Resh Lakish say?

(b) How does Rebbi Ya'akov amend their basic Machlokes? What other change does he make to their respective opinions?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan's opinion now concurs with a statement of Rav Yehudah.
What does Rav Yehudah say about a pathway that the public established between two fields?

(d) On what grounds does Resh Lakish argue with Rebbi Yochanan? Does he not concur with Rav Yehudah's ruing?

(a) Why does the Beraisa forbid whitewashing one's house nowadays?

(b) The Tana also prohibits Kiyur and Piyuch. Kiyur is defined as painting pictures using lime or whitewashing with lime that is slightly less bright.
What is 'Piyuch'?

(c) If, in the time of the Tana'im, someone purchased a Chazter already whitewashed, he could assume that it was from before the Churban, and leave it as it was.
What would be the Din if the Chatzer collapsed? Was he permitted to rebuild it?

(d) Then how will we reconcile this with Rav Huna, who permits someone who purchased a Chatzer with ledges that jut out into the street to rebuild it after it has fallen, on the basis of his Chazakah?

(a) The Tana Kama of another Beraisa permits whitewashing one's house, provided one added sand or straw.
Why is that?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah concedes that it is permitted if one added sand, but not straw.
Why not? What is Traksid?

(a) Why did the 'Perushim' (exceptionally righteous people), stop eating meat and drinking wine after the Churban of the second Beis-Hamikdash?

(b) On what grounds did Rebbi Yehoshua ask them why, by the same token, they did not then desist from eating ...

  1. ... bread?
  2. ... fruit?
(c) What did they answer Rebbi Yehoshua with regard to ...
  1. ... bread?
  2. ... fruit?
(d) In which point did he catch them out? What ought they to have stopped partaking of, according to their way of thinking?
(a) So what is Rebbi Yehoshua's final word in this matter, based on the Pasuk in Malachi "ba'Me'eirah Atem Ne'arim ... ha'Goy Kulo"?

(b) What did the Navi mean when he wrote ...

  1. ... "ba'Me'eirah Atem Ne'arim"? What curse did the people accept upon themselves?
  2. ... "ve'Osi Atem Kov'im"?
  3. ... "ha'Goy Kulo"?
(a) In fact, we conclude, one may whitewash one's house, as long as one leaves a small section blank.
How much must one leave? Where must one leave it?

(b) What additional decree did Chazal institute Zeicher le'Churban, with regard to ...

  1. ... one's food? How did Rav Papa define this?
  2. ... a woman's ornaments? How did Rav define this?
(c) The Tana learns all this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Im Eshkachech Yerushalayim, Tishkach Yemini ... ".
What does he learn from the continuation "Im Lo A'aleh es Yerushalayim *al Rosh Simchasi*", according to the interpretation of Rav Yitzchak?

(d) How does he derive this from the Pasuk there "La'sum la'Aveilei Tziyon, Laseis Lahem Pe'er Tachas Eifer"?

(e) What happens to someone who mourns over the destruction of Yeushalayim?

(a) The Romans later issued a terrible decree concerning 'Shevu'a ha'Ben' or 'Yeshua ha'Ben'.
What did that decree comprise?

(b) What ought Chazal to have decreed?

(c) Then why did they not do so?

(d) On what principle is this based?

***** Hadran Alach, Chezkas ha'Batim ****

Answers to questions

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