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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 58

BAVA BASRA 57 & 58 - dedicated by an admirer of the work of the Dafyomi Advancement Forum, l'Iluy Nishmas Mrs. Gisela (Golda bas Reb Chaim Yitzchak Ozer) Turkel, A"H.


(a) Why is one not permitted to enter into the tombs of Tzadikim after their death?

(b) Then who gave Rebbi Bena'ah the right to do so?

(c) Why did he need to do that?

(d) Rebbi Bena'ah found Eliezer Eved Avraham outside the Me'aras ha'Machpelah.
What was he doing there? Why was he not lying in his grave?

(a) Why did Avraham Avinu allow Rebbi Bena'ah to enter, in spite of what he would see when he did?

(b) What did Rebbi Bena'ah find Avraham and Sarah doing?

(c) Why did they not let him in to the tomb of Adam ha'Rishon?

(d) To whom did 'D'mus D'yukni' refer?

(a) Rebbi Bena'ah asked how he would know where to mark on the outside of Adam's tomb.
What did they answer him?

(b) And what do we mean when we say, in the second Lashon, 'ke'Midas Elyonah Kach Midas Tachtonah'? In what way does the second Lashon disagree with the first?

(c) Rebbi Bena'ah did see Adam's heels however.
What did they resemble?

(d) In light of the Pasuk "Ki Afar Atah ve'el Afar Tashuv", how is it that the bodies of Adam and the Avos were still whole?

(a) It seems that Adam was the most beautiful of all Hashem's creations. What was Chavah to Adam, Sarah to Chavah and everybody else to Sarah?

(b) Ya'akov resembled Adam, and Rebbi Avahu, Ya'akov.
Who resembled Rebbi Avahu?

(c) Why does Rebbi Yochanan, who was exceptionally good-looking, not appear on this list?

(a) What was that magician doing by the grave of Rav Tuvi bar Masni?

(b) And what was Abaye doing there?

(c) What happened the following year, when the magician persisted in his evil ways?

(a) How did Rebbi Bena'ah explain the oral will of that dying man, who bequeathed a barrel of earth to one son, a barrel of bones to the second son and a barrel containing pieces of cloth to the third one?

(b) Why did he speak in riddles?

(c) How did a certain man discover that only one out of his ten children was really his?

(d) Now knowing which son his wife had referred to, how did he word his will?

(a) What did Rebbi Bena'ah (with whom the deceased father seems to have worked in collusion) do to ascertain which son was the true heir?

(b) How did the brothers react to Rebbi Bena'ah's ruling? What happened next?

(c) What did his wife do to have him released from jail?

(d) The Mashal concerned an Eved whose head they cut off, whose skin they flayed and whose flesh they ate.
What was she referring to?

Answers to questions



(a) When Rebbi Bena'ah was subsequently appointed judge, he found an inscription written on the city gates (where the Court sat) which read 'Any judge who is taken to court is not called a judge'.
What objection did he raise to this statement?

(b) How did he therefore amend this statement?

(c) Another inscription there read 'I, blood, am the prime source of deaths; and I, wine, am the prime source of life'.
What does the first phrase mean?

(a) Someone who falls off a roof, does not die as a result of too much blood however.
So how does he amend this statement to read?

(b) Neither will someone who is being led out to be executed live, because they hand him wine to drink.
So how does he amend the second phrase?

(c) How did they react to Rebbi Bena'ah's amendments?

(d) What does one need in a place where there is no wine?

(a) The inscription 'Anpak', 'Anbag' and 'Antal' was written on the gates of Keputki.
What do these three things have in common? What are they?

(b) What are the ramifications of this statement?

(c) Why do we refer to it as 'Revi'is shel Torah'?

(d) A Nazir too, is only Chayav if he drinks a Revi'is of wine 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'.
How many things are there that have a Shi'ur Revi'is?

(a) Our Mishnah teaches that a Marzev is not subject To a three-year Chazakah, but a Mazchilah is.
What is ...
  1. ... a Mazchilah?
  2. ... a Marzev?
(b) Why is the latter called by that name?

(c) Why is it not subject to Chazakah?

(d) An Egyptian ladder does not have a Chazakah, whereas a Tzuri ladder does, and the Tana makes the same distinction between an Egyptian window and a Tzuri one. Why is that? What is the difference between ...

  1. ... the two ladders?
  2. ... the two windows?
(a) What is the significance of the fact that a ladder or a window is small and not fixed?

(b) When will even a small window be subject to Chazakah?

(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, even an Egyptian window is subject to Chazakah under certain circumstances.
Which circumstances?

(a) With regard to the Din of a Marzev, our Mishnah writes 'Ein Lo Chazakah, Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah', which Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel explains to mean 'Ein Lo Chazakah me'Ru'ach Echad, Aval Yesh Lo Chazakah mi'Shenei Ruchos'.
What does this mean?

(b) Rebbi Chanina and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba both disagree with Rav Yehudah. According to Rebbi Chanina, 'ha'Marzev Ein Lo Chazakah means 'she'Im Hayah Aruch, Mekatzro'.
What does this mean?

(c) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba explain ...

  1. ... 'ha'Marzev Ein Lo Chazakah'?
  2. ... 'Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah'?
Answers to questions

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