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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 55


(a) What did Rav Huna bar Avin send to the Beis-Hamedrash regarding Reuven who purchased a field from a Nochri, and Levi came and acquired it?

(b) And what did he quote Ravin, Rebbi Ila'a and all the Rabbis as saying?

(c) Ukvan bar Nechemyah taught Rabah three Halachos in the name of Shmuel. Who was Ukvan bar Nechemyah?

(d) The first was 'Diyna de'Malchusa Diyna', the second 'Arisusa de'Parsa'i ad Arba'in Sh'nin'.
What might this mean (besides possibly, that the Persians extended the Chazakah of three years to forty)?

(a) Shmuel's third ruling concerned the Zaharuri.
Who were 'the Zaharuri'?
What did they used to do?

(b) And what did Shmuel say about them?

(c) This ruling does however, extend to fields whose owners had not paid their *head* tax.
Why not?

(d) Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua disagrees with this last statement. What does he say about barley in a jar? Does this extend to Karka?

(a) Huna bar Nasan queried Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua's ruling from the inheritance of a Bechor (i.e. the extra portion that he inherits from his father).
What special Halachah pertains to the inheritance of a Bechor?

(b) What then was his Kashya?

(c) What did Rav Ashi retort?

(d) So how does Rav Ashi answer both Kashyos with one sweep?

(a) Why is Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua's Kashya not really a Kashya anyway? How could we answer it very simply?

(b) Huna bar Nasan told Rav Ashi that Rava's Sofrim told him that the Halachah was like Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua.
What did Rav Ashi comment?

(a) A Pardeches, says Rav Ashi, is obligated to pay whatever he can towards the sum total of taxes placed on the town.
What is a 'Pardeches'?

(b) His obligation to participate however, is not absolute.
When is he ...

  1. ... Chayav?
  2. ... Patur?
(c) Why is he Patur from paying anything in the latter case?
(a) According to Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan, a Meitzar and a Chatzav divide with regard to Nechsei ha'Ger, but not with regard to Pe'ah and Tum'ah. A Meitzar is a border.
What is a Chatzav?

(b) What does Rav Asi mean when he says that they ...

  1. ... divide with regard to Nechsei ha'Ger?
  2. ... do not divide with regard to Pe'ah?
(c) When Ravin arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he quoted Rebbi Yochanan differently.
In which point does he argue with Rav Asi?
Answers to questions



(a) We learned in the Mishnah in Pe'ah that a Nachal, a Shelulis, a public and private road and a public and private path divide with regard to Pe'ah.
What is the definition of ...
  1. ... 'a Nachal'?
  2. ... 'a Sh'lulis'?
(b) What is the difference between ...
  1. ... a public road and a private one?
  2. ... a road (Derech) and a path (Sh'vil)?
(c) A private path divides between two fields if it is used in winter as well as in summer.
What is the significance of the fact that it is used in winter too?

(d) Seeing as the Tana has taught us that a private path divides, why does he need to mention a public one, and having listed paths, why does he need to insert a private (and even a public) road?

(a) In a case where, in the winter season, someone enters a field where there is a corpse and he doesn't know whether he touched it or not, he is Tamei.
Why is that? What is the significance of the fact that it is winter?

(b) In the Mishnah in Taharos, Rebbi Eliezer rules that if the field is situated in a valley, and the person is not even sure whether he entered that particular field, he is Tahor.
Why is that?

(c) What do the Rabbanan say?

(d) What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan now mean when he says that a Meitzar and a Chatzav do not divide with regard to Tum'ah? According to which Tana does he say this?

(a) Although Ravin Amar Rebbi Yochanan said earlier that a Meitzar and a Chatzav divide with regard to Pe'ah and Tum'ah, he concedes however, that they do not divide with regard to one area of Halachah.
Which area?

(b) This ruling concerns a Beraisa.
What does the Tana Kama there say about someone who carries out half a G'rogeres (a dried fig) into a Reshus ha'Rabim, and then carries out another half-G'rogeres ...

  1. ... in one He'elam (without remembering in the middle that it was Shabbos)?
  2. ... in two Ha'alamos?
(c) What is the significance of a G'rogeres in this regard?

(d) According to Rebbi Yossi, he might even be Patur for carrying out the two half-G'rogeres in *one* He'elam.
When will that be?

(a) According to Rabah, Rebbi Yossi only considers the divided Reshus ha'Rabim to be two Reshuyos if they are divided by a Chiyuv Chatas.
What does he mean by that?

(b) Abaye maintains that a Karmelis (such as an open valley) will suffice, but not a Pisla.
What is a Pisla? What is the Halachic difference between it and a Karmelis?

(c) What does Rava say?

(a) 'Rava le'Ta'ameih', we conclude. To which Halachah in Hilchos Gitin is Rava referring to when he says 'Reshus Shabbos ki'Reshus Gitin'?

(b) Why is his wife not divorced, if the Get lands on a Pisla?

(c) In keeping with his latest statement, Rava (in disagreement with Ravin Amar Yochanan [whom we quoted earlier]), rules that a Meitzar and a Chatzav divide even with regard to Shabbos as well.
In which case (and according to which Tana) are they arguing?

Answers to questions

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