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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 26

BAVA BASRA 26 - dedicated by Mr. N. Brown, a devotee of the Torah who is Mekadesh Shem Shamayim in Rechavya, Yerushalayim. May the Torah always protect and uplift his entire family!


(a) When in the household of bar Meryon, the son of Ravin, they used to shake flax, the shakings would cause people damage.
On what grounds did Ravina exempt him from paying, despite the fact that it was 'Giri Dileih'?

(b) Mereimar agreed with Mar bar Rav Ashi, who failed to see a difference between this case and someone who winnows on Shabbos, and who is Chayav despite the fact that he is helped by the wind.
How will Ravina counter this argument?

(c) And how will he reconcile his ruling with the Mishnah in Bava Kama, which obligates a blacksmith to pay damages for a spark that flies from his anvil as he strikes it, in spite of the fact that it is carried by the wind?

(a) We have already discussed our Mishnah, which forbids Reuven to plant a tree within four Amos of Shimon's field.
Is there any difference between a vine and any other tree?

(b) In which case will this prohibition not apply?

(c) On what grounds does Shimon have the authority to cut the roots of Shimon's tree to a depth of three Tefachim?

(d) What should Shimon do if he is digging a pit or a trench ... , and he encounters roots from Shimon's tree at a depth of more than three Tefachim?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that Reuven may not plant his tree within four Amos of Shimon's field. Shmuel restricts this ruling to Eretz Yisrael.
What does he say about planting a tree in Bavel?

(b) How do we substantiate Shmuel's ruling?

(c) In the second Lashon, we ask from our Mishnah on the Beraisa.
What does Shmuel answer?

(a) On what grounds did Rav Yosef order Rava bar Rav Chanan to move his date-palms further away from his vineyard?

(b) How is it that the latter had ignored the Din of not planting a tree too close to his neighbor's field?

(c) What did Rav Yosef reply when Rava bar Rav Chanan cited our Mishnah, which requires a distance of four Amos for vines and other trees alike?

(d) What was Rava bar Rav Chanan's final word?

(a) How much fruit must a date-palm produce because it is subject to the prohibition of cutting it down?

(b) What happened to Rebbi Chanina, when he cut down a fig-tree that was still producing fruit?

(c) What did Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua reply when Rav Papa took him to task for severing ...

  1. ... the roots of his tree that had spread into his field?
  2. ... them to a depth of more than three Tefachim?
(a) After much effort, Rav Papa managed to convince Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua to stop severing the roots of his tree, by quoting Rav Yehudah. What does Rav Yehudah say about 'Meitzar she'Hichziku Bo Rabim'? What does that have to do with our case?

(b) After Rav Papa left, Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua 'kicked himself' for not countering Rav Papa's argument.
Bearing in mind that he had been cutting roots beyond sixteen Amos?

Answers to questions



(a) How does our Mishnah conclude the Seifa (regarding the Din of 'Chofer Bor, Si'ach u'Me'arah Kotzetz ve'Yored')?

(b) Rav Chisda cites a Mishnah in Me'ilah.
What does the Tana say there about 'Sharashei Ilan shel Hedyot ha'Ba'in be'shel Hekdesh'?

(c) If there is no Me'ilah, what does the Tana mean by 'Lo Nehenin'?

(d) What is Rav Chisda trying to prove from there?

(a) What does the Seifa of the Mishnah in Me'ilah rule in the reverse case ' ... shel Hekdesh ha'Ba'in be'shel Hedyot'?

(b) How do we initially reconcile the two statements, which appear to clash?

(c) What is then the Chidush in the Reisha?

(d) Ravina disagrees.
How does he interpret the Mishnah?

(a) What does Ula say about Reuven's tree which grows within sixteen Amos of Shimon's field?

(b) What does the Mishnah in Shevi'is say about ten saplings that are scattered in the space of a Beis Sa'ah (fifty by fifty Amos)?

(c) What area of land will each of the ten trees take up?

(d) Why can that Mishnah not be Ula's source?

(e) What is then the reasoning behind that ruling?

Answers to questions

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