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Bava Basra 25

BAVA BASRA 20-25 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) Why does our Mishnah require a distance of fifty Amos between the town and carcasses and graves? What is the third thing on the list?

(b) And why does the Tana Kama forbid opening a tannery anywhere other than on the east side of the town?

(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(d) We have already discussed the Machlokes between the Chachamim and Rebbi Yossi. The Chachamim require Reuven to leave a distance between his soaking-house and Shimon's vegetable-garden, his cress and Shimon's onions and his mustard-seeds and Shimon's bees.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(a) Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah concludes with the words 'u'Marchik Chamishim Amah', by which he might have meant that one may open one's tannery right up to the boundary of the town on any side except for the west, where he must keep a distance of fifty Amos.
How might we alternatively explain Rebbi Akiva?

(b) We resolve this She'eilah from a Beraisa, where Rebbi Akiva categorically explains his opinion.
What does he say there?

(c) Rebbi Akiva in the Beraisa concludes 'Mipnei she'Hi Tedira'.
Why, according to Rava, can this not mean that the west wind is the most common of the winds? Which of the winds *is* the most common?

(d) So what *does* Rebbi Akiva mean?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi say, based on the Pasuk in Nechemyah "u'Tzeva ha'Shamayim Lecha Mishtachavim"? To whom does 'Tz'va ha'Shamayim' refer?

(b) What objection does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov raise to this explanation? What else might the Pasuk mean?

(c) According to Rav Chanan bar Aba (or bar Rava) Amar Rav, the south wind is the strongest of the four winds.
What stops it from destroying the world?

(d) Rebbi Oshaya disagrees. Based on the Pasuk in Iyov "ha'Sishlach Berakim va'Yeilchu va'Yomru Lecha Hinenu" (and not "va'Yeilchu va'Yavo'u va'Yomru"), how does he interpret Hashem's uniqueness expressed in the above Pasuk in Nechemyah, which begins "Atah Hu Hashem Levadecha"?

(a) And what does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael extrapolate from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "ve'Hinei ha'Mal'ach ha'Dover Bi Yotzei, u'Mal'ach Yotzei Likraso" (rather than "Yotzei Acharav")?

(b) Rav Sheishes (who was blind) also prescribes to this opinion.
What did he instruct his servant to do when the time came to Daven the Amidah?

(c) Why did he decline to face the east? Is it because he held that the Shechinah is not in the east?

(a) Rebbi Avahu on the other hand, is of the opinion that the Shechinah is in the west.
Assuming that Uri'ah means west in Persian, how does he describe the word in acronym form?

(b) What else might 'Uri'ah' and 'Avir Kah' mean in this context?

(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav establishes the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Ya'arof ka'Matar Likchi ... " in connection with the four winds.
Considering that the Pasuk is really talking about the Torah, why does he do that? What is the connection between the Torah and the four winds?

(d) "Ya'arof ka'Matar Likchi" refers to the west because it comes from 'Ma'arafo shel Olam'. This might mean 'the strength of the world', a reference to the west, because that is where the Shechinah is.
What else might it mean?

6) In what way does ...
  1. ... "Tizal ka'Tal Imrasi" refer to the north wind?
  2. ... "ki'Se'irim Alei Deshe" to the east wind? What does 'Sa'ir' mean in this context?
  3. ... "ve'chi'Revivim Alei Eisev" to the south wind?
(a) What does Rebbi Eliezer mean when he says that the world is compared to a sun-porch?

(b) Rebbi Yehoshua disagrees.
In what respect does he compare the world to a box?

(c) Rebbi Yehoshua bases his statement on the Pasuk in Koheles "Holech el Darom ve'Sovev el Tzafon ... ".
In this context, what does ...

  1. ... 'Holech' refer to?
  2. ... 'Sovev' refer to?
(d) And what does the Pasuk refer to when it writes "Sovev Sovev, Holech ha'Ru'ach ... "?
Answers to questions



(a) The Tana of the Beraisa, commenting on the Pasuk in Iyov, explains that "min ha'Cheder Tavo Sufah" refers to the stormy south-wind.
How does he explain "u'mi'Mezarim Karah"? Who will then be the author of this Beraisa?

(b) And which wind is Iyov referring to when he says ...

  1. ... "mi'Nishmas Keil Yiten Kerach"?
  2. ... "ve'Rochav Mayim be'Mutzak"?
(c) How do we reconcile this with what we learned earlier that it is the *south*-wind that brings rain and causes plants to grow?
(a) What does Rav Chisda infer from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Yeshayah "va'Yigzor al Yamin ve'Ra'ev va'Yochal al S'mal ve'Lo Save'u"?
  2. ... Tehilim "Tzafon ve'Yamin Atah Berasam"?
(b) And what does Rafram bar Papa extrapolate from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Yiftach Hashem es Otzaro ha'Tov"?

(c) When Rebbi Yitzchak gives a Si'man 'Shulchan be'Tzafon, u'Menorah be'Darom', what is he talking about?

(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi disagrees with Rebbi Yitzchak.
Based on the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Orech Yamim bi'Yeminah u'vi'Semolah Osher ve'Chavod", how does he advocate that one Davens for these things?

(b) How do we reconcile this with his own statement earlier 'Shechinah be'Ma'ariv'?

(c) Why did Rebbi Chanina instruct Rav Ashi (or Rebbi Yoshiyah) to Daven towards the south?

(d) Bearing in mind that there were no atlases in those days, from where did he know that Bavel was north of Eretz Yisrael?

(a) Earlier in the Perek, we already discussed our Mishnah 'Marchikin es ha'Ilan min ha'Bor Esrim-ve'Chamesh Amah'.
Will it make any difference whether they are both on the same level, or, assuming that they are both on a hill, whether the tree is higher up on the slope or lower down?

(b) How far must Reuven distance his carob and sycamore trees from Shimon's pit? Why is that?

(c) The Tana Kama differentiates between whether the pit was there first or the tree.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(d) Why, according to the Tana Kama, is Reuven obligated to distance his tree from Shimon's pit if it is ...

  1. ... higher up on the slope than Shimon's pit is?
  2. ... lower down than it?
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules like Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah.
Under which circumstances will Rebbi Yossi concede that it is up to the Mazik to move away from the Nizak?

(b) What did Papi Yuchna'ah do after he struck it rich?

(c) Why did he take those sesame-seed oil-makers to a Din-Torah?

(d) Rav Ashi quoted Rav Kahana, who ruled like Rebbi Yossi.
How was Papi Yuchna'ah to determine whether or not, it was a case of 'Girei Dilei' or not?

Answers to questions

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