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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Basra 22

BAVA BASRA 20-25 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) Ezra instituted that peddlers should travel from town to town selling women's trinkets ... . as we just explained.
How did he restrict this Takanah?

(b) Why did Rava nevertheless permit Rebbi Yashiyah and Rav Ovadyah even to open a store in Mechuza (even though it did not conform with Halachah)?

(c) And on what grounds did Ravina authorize those basket-sellers (or pot-sellers) to sell their wares in Bavel, in spite of the locals' objections?

(d) He only permitted this however, on market-day.
What restriction did he place on them even on market-day?

(a) What did those wool-merchants reply when Rav Kahana, following complaints from the local residents, forbade them to sell their wool in Pum-Nahara?

(b) So what ruling did he issue?

(a) What did the Resh Galusa instruct Rava to do when he heard that Rav Dimi from Neherda'a was coming to sell his died figs?

(b) Rava sent Rav Ada bar Aba to test him.
What does 'Tehi Bei be'Kankaneih' mean literally?

(c) Rav Ada was unable however, to answer the She'eilah that Rav Ada asked him.
What did he ask him?

(a) What did Rav Ada reply, when Rav Dimi asked him whether he was Rava?
What did he do to demonstrate that he did not consider him significant?

(b) Why did Rav Dimi come before Rav Yosef?

(c) Rav Yosef reacted to Rav Dimi's complaint by quoting a Pasuk in Amos.
What does the Pasuk say there about Mo'av and the King of Edom?

(d) What did that have to do with Rav Dimi from Neherda'a?

(a) When Rav Ada bar Aba died, many Amora'im claimed that he had died because of them (see Tosfos DH 'Ana'). We can easily understand why Rav Yosef and Rav Dimi from Neherda'a attributed his death to themselves.
But what made Rava claim responsibility for Rav Ada's death?

(b) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak too, claimed that he was responsible for Rav Ada's death.
What was their relationship?

(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak was once late for the D'rashah because he was waiting for Rav Ada in order to revise it with him first.
What delayed Rav Ada?

(d) What did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak reply when the Talmidim asked him why he was late for the D'rashah?

(e) On whom do we finally pin the responsibility for Rav Ada bar Aba's death?

(a) What distance does the Tana of our Mishnah demand between two walls (what exactly the Tana means will be explains shortly)?

(b) The Tana also requires Reuven's wall to be at least four Amos away from Shimon's window.
What three ramifications does this ruling have?

(c) For how long must Shimon's windows have been in existence for this requirement to take effect?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana's statement 'Mi she'Hayah Koslo Samuch le'Kosel shel Chavero, Lo Yismoch Lo Kosel Acher Ela-im-Kein Hirchik Mimenu Arba Amos' is obviously erroneous.

(b) Why is Rav Yehudah's suggestion that the Tana is really coming to prohibit Reuven from building a wall within four Amos of Shimon's existing one, unacceptable?

(c) So how does Rava then interpret his words?

(d) What is the reason for this?

(a) Rav restricts the four-Amah gap between the walls to walls of vegetable-gardens; walls of Chatzeros, he maintains, do not need it.
Why is that?

(b) What does Rebbi Hoshaya say?

(c) In fact they do not argue, says Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina.
How is that possible? In which case would Rav concede that even walls of Chatzeros need the four-Amah gap?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that Reuven's wall must be at least four Amos higher than all Shimon's windows, to prevent the owner of the wall from leaning on his wall and peeping into Shimon's window, or four Amos lower, to prevent him from standing on the wall and doing the same, as the Beraisa explains.
What reason does the Beraisa give for the Mishnah's obligating Reuven to distance his wall from Shimon's?

(b) What can we infer from this that poses a Kashya on what we just learned?

(c) How do we resolve this apparent discrepancy?

(d) How far away does Rav Yeiva the father-in-law of Ashi'an quoting Rav, require the edge of Reuven's wall to be from Shimon's window?

(a) If the wall is as close to the window as that, we are faced with the problem of Hezek Re'iyah (caused by Reuven's ability to use the top of his wall to peep into Shimon's window).
How does Rav Z'vid dispense with this problem?

(b) How do we reconcile Rav Yeiva's Shiur of 'the width of the window' with our Mishnah, which actually gives the distance as four Amos (see Tosfos DH 've'Ha Anan T'nan')?

(a) We are about to learn the Mishnah which requires Reuven to build his wall four Amos from Shimon's gutter.
Why is that?

(b) Why does this pose a Kashya on Rava (who attributes the Shiur of four Amos to 'Davsha' (walking in that area and hardening the ground)?

(c) How do we establish the Mishnah to accommodate Rava?

(d) Our Mishnah (the same one that we just quoted) requires Reuven to place his ladder (next to the wall of the Chatzer) not less than four Amos away from Shimon's dovecote.
Why is that?

(a) What do we mean when we suggest that the author of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Yossi? What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(b) To answer this Kashya, Rav Ashi in the name of Rav Kahana, explains that Rebbi Yossi agrees with the Chachamim by 'Girei Dilei'.
What does he mean by that?

(c) Why is the case of the ladder considered 'Girei Dilei'?

(d) Considering that Reuven did not actually throw the marten, this is surely no more than G'rama be'Nizakin.
What does Rav Tuvi bar Masni therefore extrapolate from our Mishnah?

Answers to questions

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