REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 15
BAVA BASRA 14 & 15 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz
Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) The Beraisa that we just discussed (which lists Yehoshua as the author
of the last eight Pesukim in the Torah) conforms with the opinion of Rebbi
Yehudah (or Rebbi Nechemyah) in another Beraisa.
On what grounds does
Rebbi Shimon there, based on the Pasuk in Ve'yeilech "Lako'ach es Sefer
ha'Torah ha'Zeh", disagree with Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) Then who wrote those last eight Pesukim, according to Rebbi Shimon? In
what way did they then differ from the rest of the Torah?
(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he says that a Yachid reads the
last eight Pesukim in the Torah?
(d) This statement seems to follow the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah in the
Beraisa that we just learned.
How do we reconcile it with the opinion of
Rebbi Shimon as well?
(a) Who continued to write Yehoshua from the Pasuk that records ...
(b) Which two Nevi'im concluded Sefer Shmuel, from the Pasuk that records
- ... Yehoshua's death?
- ... Elazar, the son of Aharon's death?
(a) We learned that ten people contributed towards Sefer Tehilim.
the Tana not include Eisan ha'Ezrachi? What do we learn from the Pasuk in
Tehilim (in connection with Avraham) "Mi He'ir mi'Mizrach"?
(b) What does Rav learn from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "be'Chol Beisi
Ne'eman Hu", in connection with Heiman (one of the authors of Tehilim)?
(c) In that case, how can the Tana list Heiman (who, we just said is alias
Moshe) any more than Eisan (who, we said earlier, is Avraham)?
(d) What problem do we have with the proposal that Iyov lived concurrently
with Moshe, due to the Gezeirah-Shavah' "Mi Yiten Eifo" and "u'va'Meh Yivada
(a) What does Rav finally learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Mi Yiten ba'Sefer
(b) What does Rava initially learn from the Pesukim "Ish Hayah be'Eretz Utz
Iyov Sh'mo" and "ha'Yesh Bo Eitz im Ayin" (Sh'lach-Lecha)?
(c) We refute this 'Gezeirah-Shavah' however, on the grounds that "Utz" and
"Eitz" are totally unconnected.
So how does Rava extrapolate from
"ha'Yesh Bo Eitz" that Iyov lived in the time of the Meraglim?
(a) What did Rav Shmuel bar Nachmeni ...
Answers to questions
(b) According to Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar, Iyov returned with Ezra
- ... retort when that Chacham Darshened that Iyov was a parable and that he never lived?
- ... reply when the Chacham retorted by quoting the parable of the poor man and his lamb that Nasan ha'Navi told David (by which the Pasuk also writes a Lashon of "*va'Tehi* Lo le'Bas")? Why are the cases nevertheless not comparable?
Where was his Beis ha'Medrash?
(c) How do they reconcile their opinion with the Beraisa which lists Iyov as
having lived from the time Yisrael arrived in Egypt until they left? What
slight adjustment does he make to the Lashon of the Beraisa?
(d) How old, in fact, was Iyov when his troubles began? How many years were
subsequently added to his life, as the Pasuk specifically writes?
(a) How many prophets does the Tana in a Beraisa list, who prophesied on
behalf of the Nochrim?
(b) The last four are Elifaz ha'Teimani (from the family of Eisav), Beldad
ha'Shuchi, Tzofer ha'Na'amasi (the three friends of Iyov) and Elihu ben
Berachel from the family of Ram.
Who were the first three?
(a) How do Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar reconcile their opinion (that
Iyov was from Yisrael) with the previous Beraisa?
(b) We prove this from Elihu ben Berachel, who, we know, was a Yisrael.
From where do we know that?
(c) If the Tana is merely informing us that the above-mentioned prophets
prophesied on behalf of the Nochri nations (and not that they were
themselves Nochrim), how do their prophesies differ from those of many of
the other prophets, who also prophesied on behalf of the Nochrim?
(a) What does another Beraisa say about Iyov, who, the Tana says, lived in
the days of the Shoftim and whom he describes as a Chasid Umos ha'Olam?
(b) How will Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar justify their opinion in view
of this Beraisa?
(c) What does Rebbi Elazar (ben Shamua) in yet another Beraisa, extrapolate
from the Pasuk in Iyov "Hein Atem Kulchem Chazisem, ve'Lamah Zeh Hevel
(d) And what does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah extrapolate from the Pasuk
"ve'Lo Nimtza Nashim Yafos ki'Benos Iyov be'Chol ha'Aretz"?
(e) How does he know that the Pasuk is not referring to the time of David,
where the Pasuk in Shmuel also writes "va'Yevakshu Na'arah Yafah be'Chol
(a) According to Rebbi Nasan, Iyov lived in the days of the Queen of Sheba,
and according to the Rabbanan, in the days of the Kasdim (Nevuchadnetzar),
and they learn this from their respective Pesukim.
What do Yesh Omrim
learn from the Pesukim "ke'Daber Achas *ha'Nevalos*" and "Ki *Nevalah* Asah
be'Yisrael" (Vayishlach)? Whom did Iyov marry, according to Yesh Omrim?
(b) We know that all of these Tana'im consider Iyov to have been a Jew
(except for one [vindicating Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar]) from a
statement by Mar.
What did Mar learn from the Pasuk "ve'Niflinu Ani
(c) Which is the exception?
(d) Rebbi Yochanan learns from the Pesukim "Hein Atem Kulchem *Chazisem*
ve'Lamah Zeh Hevel Tehbalu?" and "Shuvi Shuvi ha'Shulamis *ve'Nechzeh* Bach"
that the people who lived in Iyov's generation were licentious.
"Chazisem" not be a Lashon of prophesy, which is coming to teach us that the
people of that time were all prophets?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret the opening Pasuk in Shoftim "Vayehi
bi'Yemei Shefot ha'Shoftim"?
(b) What would a litigant reply when the Shofet ...
(c) What was "Malkas Sh'va" if not a woman, according to Rebbi Shmuel bar
Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan?
- ... instructed him to pay back the splinter that he had stolen?
- ... told him that his silver was mixed with impurities?
(a) The Pasuk in Iyov relates that the Satan came before Hashem together
with the other angels.
In prosecuting Iyov, the Satan claimed inter alia, "Ma'aseh Yadav Berachta"
and "u'Mikneihu Paratz ba'Aretz".
Whose deeds was he coming to report? What
particular act was he praising?
(b) What was Hashem's response?
(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan comment on Hashem's description of Iyov "Ish
Tam ve'Yashar, Yerei Elokim ve'Sar me'Ra"?
(d) Rebbi Aba bar Shmuel interprets "ve'Sar me'Ra" to mean that Iyov was a
What does this mean?
How does ...
- ... Rav Shmuel bar Rav Yitzchak explain "Ma'aseh Yadav Berachta"?
- ... Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina explain "u'Mikneihu Paratz ba'Aretz"?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan mean, when, explaining the Pasuk in Iyov
"ha'Bakar Hayu Chorshos ve'ha'Asonos Ro'os al Yedeihen", comments 'Melamed
she'Hit'imo Hakadosh Baruch Hu le'Iyov Me'ein Olam ha'Ba"? What is he
Answers to questions
(b) It was with regard to his vast flocks and herds that the first messenger
came with the bad news that they had all been captured. The second messenger
broke the news that a band of Babylonians had attacked his camels and
captured them. In both cases, the servants looking after them had all been
killed, and messenger was the only refugee.
What did the third messenger
(c) What were Iyov's sons and daughters doing when this happened?
(d) What was Iyov's immediate reaction to this bitter piece of news? Did he