(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Bava Basra 8


(a) On what grounds did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak object when Rav Chanan bar Rav Chisda (or Rav Huna) levied a head-tax on the Rabbanan?

(b) How did he (in conjunction with the Beraisa quoted by Rav Yosef) interpret the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah ...

  1. ... "Af Chovev Amim, Kol Kedoshav be'Yadecha"?
  2. ... "ve'Heim Tuku le'Raglecha"?
  3. ... "Yisa mi'Dabrosecha"?
(c) How does Ula explain the Pasuk in Hoshe'a ...
  1. ... "Gam Ki Yisnu va'Goyim, Atah Akabtzem"?
  2. ... "va'Yachelu Me'at mi'Masa Melech ve'Sarim"?
(d) In the Pasuk in Ezra, Daryavesh instructed the officer of Eiver ha'Nahar to release the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah from "Mindah, V'lo ve'Halach".
What is ...
  1. ... "Mindah"?
  2. ... "V'lo"?
  3. ... "Halach"?
(a) On what grounds did Rav Shisha B'ei de'Rav Idi object when Rav Papa levied a tax on Yesomim for a new well that they were about to dig?

(b) How did Rav Papa justify what he had done?

(c) Everyone is obligated to pay towards new gates for the town walls, says Rav Yehudah, even Yesomim.
Who are the exception?

(d) Even the Rabbanan however, are obligated to participate towards funding a new well.
Under which circumstances are they Patur even from that?

(a) Rebbi opened the storehouses in a year of drought. Whom did he preclude from receiving food when he announced that the Ba'alei Mikra, Ba'alei Mishnah, Ba'alei Gemara, Ba'alei Halachah and Ba'alei Agadah were permitted entry?

(b) Why was that?

(c) Why did he eventually open his storehouse to everyone?

(d) What was Rebbi's reaction, before being informed that the recipient concerned was his disciple?

(a) Why did Yonasan ben Amram claim that he had not even learned Chumash?

(b) He expected to be sustained like a dog and like a raven.
Why specifically those two animals?

(c) What happened initially, when Rebbi refused to assist the Amei ha'Aretz of Teverya with a special tax to pay for a new crown for the king?

(d) And what happened ...

  1. ... when the second batch of Amei ha'Aretz fled except for that one laudryman?
  2. ... after the laundryman fled? What did Rebbi extrapolate from this incident?
(a) Someone who is guilty of idolatry is sentenced to Sekilah.
How are members of an Ir ha'Nidachas killed?

(b) What other difference is there between an individual who serves idols and an Ir ha'Nidachas?

(c) If a caravan of people are staying in the city, how long must they have been there to receive the same sentence as its members, according to the Beraisa?

(d) Based on the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with an Ir ha'Nidachas) "Yoshvei ha'Ir", how does Rava reconcile this Beraisa with our Mishnah, which does not consider someone a resident until he has lived in the city for one year?

(e) How does this distinction manifest itself in a Beraisa regarding someone who declared a Neder?

(a) We learned in a Beraisa, that a man who has lived in a town for thirty days is obligated to provide food for the soup-kitchen (for the poor), and for one year before he is obligated to pay towards Pasei ha'Ir (strengthening the gates).
How long must he reside there before becoming obligated to donate towards ...
  1. ... the Kupah (the Tzedakah fund)?
  2. ... K'sus (the fund for clothing the poor)?
  3. ... Kevurah (the burial fund for the poor)?
(b) Then why does our Mishnah categorically give the time period as twelve months before becoming a resident.

(c) Rebbi Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan obligates even Yesomim to pay towards strengthening the gates of the town, but not Talmidei-Chachamim (as we learned earlier).
What does Rav Papa say in this regard, about repairs to the city walls, hiring a guard who rides around the walls on a horse and a Tarzina? What is a Tarzina?

(d) What is the principle that determines whether Yesomim are obligated to participate in the town's public expenses and when they are not?

(a) What does the Beraisa quoted by Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah say about Yesomim paying toward ...
  1. ... the Tzedakah fund?
  2. ... the redemption of captives?
(b) How did Rabah then justify his having claimed Tzedakah from the Yesomim of Bei bar Meryon, when Abaye queried him about it?

(c) When Ifra Hurmiz (the mother of Shavur Malka, King of Persia) sent a purse of Tzedakah with instructions to use it for a big Mitzvah, what did Rav Yosef decide to do with it, based on the Beraisa of Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah?

Answers to questions



(a) Based on a Pasuk in Yirmiyah ", we learn that death by the sword is worse than pestilence.
Which death is worse than death by the sword?

(b) We learn from the Pasuk "Yakar be'Einei Hashem ha'Mavsah 'la'Chasidav" that pestilence is the mildest of these deaths.
By what logic is death by ...

  1. ... the sword worse than pestilence?
  2. ... is death by starvation worse than death by the sword?
(c) From which Pasuk do we learn that starvation is the worst of these deaths?

(d) What makes captivity worse than any of them?

(a) Why does the Beraisa rule that the Kupah of Tzedakah requires ...
  1. ... two Gaba'im to claim it?
  2. ... three to distribute it?
(b) In which of the above points is the Tamchuy stricter than the Kupah shel Tzedakah? Why is that?

(c) The Kupah is distributed every Friday, the Tamchuy every day.
In which other (third) way is the Tamchuy different than the Kupah with regard to its distribution?

(d) Can money collected for the Kupah be used for the Tamchuy and vice-versa?

(a) The Tana authorizes the town's residents to fix the measures, the prices, the workers wages and Le'hasi'a al Kitzasan.
What does he mean by ...
  1. ... the measures?
  2. ... the prices?
  3. ... Le'hasi'a al Kitzasan?
(b) The Pasuk in Tetzaveh "*ve'Heim* Yikchu es ha'Zahav ... " implies that two Gaba'im are required to claim Tzedakah funds.
What statement did Rav Nachman make that qualifies this Chumra?

(c) What did Rebbi Chanina testify that Rebbi did which bears this out?

(d) The reason that the Kupah requires two Gaba'im is because it entails authority.
What authoritative methods must the Gaba'ei Tzedakah employ?

(a) How do we reconcile this with the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "u'Fakadti al Kol Lochtzav", which according to Rav's interpretation, threatens Gaba'ei Tzedakah who coerce people into giving Tzedakah with Divine retribution?

(b) How much did Rava force Rav Nasan bar Ami to donate for Tzedakah?

(c) According to the first Lashon, the Pasuk in Daniel "ve'ha'Maskilim Yazhiru ke'Zohar ha'Raki'a" refers to a Dayan who judges accurately according to Din Torah, and "u'Matzdikei ha'Rabim ke'Kochavim le'Olam Va'ed" to Gaba'ei Tzedakah. According to the second Lashon, "ve'ha'Maskilim Yazhiru ... " refers to both of the above.
What then, does "u'Matzdikei ha'Rabim ... " refer to?

(d) Rav cited Rav Shmuel bar Shilas as the epitome of the latter.
What did Rav Shmuel bar Shilas reply, when Rav met him standing in the garden and asked him whether he had not forsaken his young students?

(e) When he was asked what the Pasuk says about the Talmidei-Chachamim, which Pasuk in Shoftim did Ravina quote?

(a) The Tana in a Beraisa forbids the two Gaba'im to part ways.
What does he allow however?

(b) What does he say about a Gaba'i Tzedakah who, on his rounds ...

  1. ... finds money in the street?
  2. ... meets his debtor, who pays off his debt?
(c) And what does another Beraisa say about a Gaba'i ...
  1. ... Tzedakah who has no poor people to whom to distribute and he has copper P'rutos in he Kupah that will become moldy?
  2. ... Tamchuy who has no poor to feed and wants to sell the food he has collected?
(d) Why does the Tana also forbid him, when exchanging P'rutos for silver coins, to count two coins at a time (see Rabeinu Gershom)?
(a) Why did Abaye originally refuse to sit on the Shul's mats?

(b) What caused him to relent?

(c) He also quoted Rabah, who used to have two purses for Tzedakah, one for the poor of his town, and one for those from out of town. He later followed the advice of Shmuel to Rav Tachlifa bar Avdimi.
What did Shmuel tell Rav Tachlifa bar Avdimi to do?

(d) Rav Ashi did not even need to do that.
Why not?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,