POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Bava Basra 147
1) INTERPRETING A STATEMENT BY INFERENCE
(a) Question: Who is the Tana of the following Beraisa?
2) THE SOURCE FOR "MATNAS SHECHIV ME'RA"
1. (Beraisa): A sick person was lying in bed; they
asked him, to whom will your property go? He said,
'I used to think that I had a son (or that my wife
is pregnant) - now that I see that this is not so,
my property is to Ploni.'
(b) Answer: No, it is even like Chachamim - the case is
different, for he said 'I used to think...'
2. If it became known that he had a son (or that his
wife was pregnant), the gift is void.
3. Suggestion: This is like R. Shimon ben Menasiya, not
(c) Question: This is obvious - the one who asked, what did
(d) Answer: One might have thought, he merely mentions his
woe, but not that having a son would affect the gift - we
teach, this is not so.
(a) Question (R. Zeira): What is the Torah source for Matnas
Shechiv me'Ra (that it does not require an acquisition)?
3) SIGNS OF WEATHER OF THE COMING YEAR
(b) Answer #1 (R. Zeira): "V'Ha'avartem Es Nachalso l'Vito" -
this teaches that there is another transfer of
(c) Answer #2 (Rav Nachman): "U'Nsatem Es Nachalso l'Echav" -
there is another gift like this, i.e. Matnas Shechiv
1. Question: Why didn't Rav Nachman learn from
(d) Answer #3 (Rav Menashiya bar Yirmeyah): "Chalah
Chizkiyahu Lamus...Tzav l'Veisecha" - a mere command
2. Answer: That is used to teach Rebbi's law.
i. (Beraisa - Rebbi): By all other inheritances,
it says "U'Nsatem"; by a daughter, it says
"V'Ha'avartem", because only a daughter
transfers inheritance from one tribe to
another, her husband and son inherit her.
3. Question: Why didn't R. Zeira learn from
4. Answer: That is the normal language, we do not
(e) Answer #4 (Rami bar Yechezkeil): "Va'Achitofel...va'Ytzav
El Beiso va'Yechanek va'Yamas" - a mere command sufficed.
(a) Version #1 (Beraisa): Achitofel commanded his children
three things: do not be in a feud, do not rebel against
the kinship of Beis David, and if it is Barur (clear,
i.e. sunny) on Shavu'os, plant wheat that year (it will
(b) Version #2 (Mar Zutra): He said, if it is *Balul*
(cloudy) on Shavu'os...(end of Version #2)
(c) (Chachamim of Neharda'a): The Beraisa does not mean that
is totally *Barur*, Mar Zutra does not mean it is totally
*Balul*, rather, even a cloudy day on which the north
wind scatters the clouds is considered *Barur* (and is a
(d) (R. Aba): No, we learn from the wind on Shemini Atzeres!
1. (R. Yitzchak bar Avdimi): On Shemini Atzeres,
everyone looks towards the smoke rising from the
Altar: if it tilts northwards (on account of the
south wind), the poor rejoice and farmers are sad,
because there will be much rain, produce will rot,
people will be forced to sell it cheaply.
(e) (Beraisa - Aba Sha'ul): If it is clear on Shavu'os, it is
a good sign for the entire year.
2. If it tilts southwards (due to the north wind),
farmers rejoice and the poor are sad, because there
will be little rain, the produce planted will
prosper, produce will not rot, grain will be
3. If it tilts eastwards (due to the west wind),
everyone rejoices; if it tilts westwards (due to the
east wind), everyone is sad.
4. Contradiction (Beraisa): The east wind is always
nice, the west wind is always harsh; the north wind
is good for wheat if it already grew a third, it is
bad for blossoming olives; the south wind is bad for
wheat if it already grew a third, it is good for
i. (Rav Yosef (or...)): A way to remember this -
the Shulchan (on which we place the Lechem
ha'Panim, which is made of wheat) is in the
north side (of the Heichal); the Menorah (which
is lit with oil of olives) is in the south
5. Version #1 (Rashbam) Answer: The latter Beraisa
applies to Bavel (the west wind is bad, it brings
more rain than is needed), the former applies Eretz
Yisrael (which needs much rain).
ii. Each wind is good for what is on its side.
6. Version #2 (Tosfos) Answer: The latter Beraisa
applies to Eretz Yisrael (the east wind is good, it
brings rain) the former applies Bavel (which does
not need so much rain). (End of Version #2)
(f) (Rav Zvid): If it is hot on Rosh Hashanah, the entire
year will be hot; if it is cold, the entire year will be
(g) Question: Why must we know this?
(h) Answer: So the Kohen Gadol will know what to pray for on
Yom Kipur (e.g. it should not be too hot).
4) HOW "MATNAS SHECHIV ME'RA" WORKS
(a) Answer #5 (to Question 2:a - Rav Nachman): Matnas Shechiv
me'Ra is a Rabbinical enactment, lest a dying man's
anxiety (that he cannot give his property as he wishes)
will hasten his death.
(b) Question: This contradicts something else that Rav
1. (Rav Nachman): Shmuel taught that if Reuven sold a
loan document to Shimon, and then pardoned the debt,
the debt is cancelled, even Reuven's heir can pardon
(c) Answer: Matnas Shechiv me'Ra is mid'Rabanan, but
Chachamim enacted it as if it is mid'Oraisa.
2. Nevertheless, if Reuven gave money owed to him
through Matnas Shechiv me'Ra, Reuven's heir cannot
pardon the debt.
3. We understand this is Matnas Shechiv me'Ra is
mid'Oraisa, therefore, the heir cannot pardon it
(but sale of a debt is only mid'Rabanan, therefore
the heir can pardon it);
4. But if Matnas Shechiv me'Ra is only mid'Rabanan, why
can't the heir pardon it (like when it is sold)?
(d) (Rava): If a dying man said 'Ploni will live in this
house', or 'He will eat the fruits of this date tree',
this does not take effect;
1. He must say 'Give this house to Ploni and he will
live in it', or 'Give this date tree to Ploni and he
will eat the fruits'.
(e) Inference: Rav Nachman holds that Matnas Shechiv me'Ra
only takes effect in those cases when a gift of a healthy
person takes effect.