POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 117
1) WHO RECEIVED PORTIONS OF ERETZ YISRAEL
(a) (Gemara): Our Mishnah is as the opinion that portions of
Eretz Yisrael were allocated to those that left
(b) (Beraisa - R. Yoshiyah): "Li'Shmos Matos Avosam Yinchalu"
- this teaches that portions of Eretz Yisrael were
allocated to those that left Mitzrayim;
1. Question: If so, how do we understand "La'Eleh (the
men counted before we entered Eretz Yisrael)
Techalek ha'Aretz b'Nachalah"?
(c) R. Yonason says, portions of Eretz Yisrael were allocated
to those that entered - "La'Eleh Techalek ha'Aretz
2. Answer: "La'Eleh" - they (those that get portions)
must be *like* these (i.e. at least 20 years old),
to exclude children (but those that left Mitzrayim
get the portions).
1. Question: If so, how do we understand "Li'Shmos
Matos Avosam Yinchalu"?
(d) (R. Shimon Ben Elazar): The land was allocated to those
that left Mitzrayim and those that entered Eretz Yisrael,
to fulfill both verses.
2. Answer: This inheritance is unique: in all other
inheritances, the living inherit the dead; here, the
dead inherit the living.
i. (Rebbi): A parable - this is as two brothers,
Kohanim, that lived in one city. One has one
son, the other, two. At the granary, the father
of one takes one portion, the father of two
takes two portions. The fathers give (all three
of) their portions to their father, and split
2. A man that left Mitzrayim received a portion with
those that left Mitzrayim; one who entered Eretz
Yisrael received a portion for entering; one who
left Mitzrayim and entered Eretz Yisrael received
(e) Yehoshua and Kalev received the portions of the other
(f) The complainers and Korach's congregation did not receive
i. Their children inherited in the merit of their
(g) Question: How do we know that "Li'Shmos Matos Avosam
Yinchalu" refers to those that left Mitzrayim - perhaps
it refers to the 12 tribes!
(h) Answer: "V'Nasati Osah Lachem Morashah" - this was said
to those that left Mitzrayim.
(i) (Rav Papa): According to the opinion that shares were
allocated to those that left Mitzrayim, we understand
"La'Rav Tarbeh Nachalaso vela'M'at Tam'it Nachalaso" (the
inheritance depends on how many left Mitzrayim; it does
not depend on the family size when it entered Eretz
(j) Question (Rav Papa): According to the opinion that shares
were allocated to those that entered, what does this
1. This is left difficult.