POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 91
BAVA BASRA 91-95 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) EXPORTING PRODUCE OF ERETZ YISRAEL
(a) (Beraisa): We may not export life-essential produce of
Eretz Yisrael such as wine, oil and flour;
2) ELIMELECH AND RELATED AGADATA
(b) R. Yehudah ben Beseira permits exporting wine, this
reduces (drunkenness and) immorality.
(c) Just as we may not export to Chutz la'Aretz, we may not
export to Surya;
(d) Rebbi permits exporting from a town of Eretz Yisrael to a
nearby town of Surya.
(e) (Beraisa): We may not deal (buy in order to resell at a
profit) in life-essential produce of Eretz Yisrael such
as wine, oil and flour;
1. R. Elazar ben Azaryah used to deal in wine and oil.
(f) (Beraisa): It is forbidden to make a double profit on
2. Regarding wine, he holds like R. Yehudah ben
3. Oil was plentiful in his area (so it was permitted
to deal in it).
(g) (Mari bar Mari): Rav and Shmuel argue about this:
1. One explains, it is forbidden to buy and resell them
(Tosfos - even to sell one's own eggs) for double
(h) (Beraisa): We Masri'a (Rashbam - cry out in prayer; Tur -
blow shofars) on account of a drop in prices of
non-life-essentials, even on Shabbos.
2. The other explains, it is forbidden to buy and
resell them to a second dealer (rather, he must sell
them for consumption).
(i) (R. Yochanan): For example, a drop in prices of linen
garments in Bavel, or wine and oil in Eretz Yisrael.
(j) (Rav Yosef): This is if what normally sells for 10 now
sells for six.
(k) (Beraisa): One may not leave Eretz Yisrael (on account of
inflated prices) until wheat sells for Sa'atayim for a
(l) R. Shimon says, this is when he cannot afford to buy - if
he can afford, even if it sells for a Se'ah for a Sela,
he may not leave.
1. R. Shimon: Elimelech, Machlon and Chilyon were the
leaders of their generation and the philanthropists
of their generation; they were punished for leaving
Eretz Yisrael - "Va'Tehom Kol ha'Ir...ha'Zos
(a) Question: What does it mean "Ha'Zos No'omi"?
(b) Answer (R. Yitzchak): This hints to 'Chazisem No'omi',
(have you seen what happened to her for leaving Eretz
(c) (R. Yitzchak): The day Rus came to Eretz Yisrael, Boaz'
1. Before someone dies, his replacement is prepared.
(d) (Rabah bar Rav Huna): (The Shofet) Ivtzan is Bo'az.
(e) Question: What do we learn from this?
(f) Answer: This and Rabah bar Rav Huna's other teaching are
needed to learn (5) below.
1. (Rabah bar Rav Huna): Bo'az made 120 feasts for his
children - "...U'Shloshim Banos Shilach ha'Chutzah
u'Shloshim Banos Hevi l'Vanav";
(g) Question: What do we learn from this?
2. For each child he made one feast in the house of the
Chasan, and one in the house of the father of the
3. He did not invite Mano'ach to even one of them -
since he is (really, Mano'ach's wife was) sterile,
he will never have occasion to invite me to such a
feast. (Maharsha - Bo'az knew that Mano'ach would
bring a gift, and Bo'az would never be able to give
4. All 60 children died in Bo'az' lifetime.
5. This is as people say - what gain is there in 60
children that will die, it is better to remarry and
have one child that will be zealous.
6. (Rav Chanan bar Rava): Elimelech, Salmon, Ploni
Almoni and No'omi's father all descended from
Nachshon ben Aminadav.
(h) Answer: Even great merits of one's fathers do not help
him if he goes to Chutz la'Aretz.
(i) (Rav Chanan bar Rava): Avraham's mother was called
Amaslai bas Karnevo; Haman's mother was called Amaslai
(j) A way to remember this: Tamei comes from Tamei (Orvasai
is like Orev (raven)), Tahor comes from Tahor (Karnevo is
a language of Karim (pillows, which come from wool of
(k) David's mother was Nitzvas bas Ad'el; Shimshon's mother
was Hatzlelfoni; his sister was Nashyin.
(l) Question: Why must we know this?
(m) Answer: So we can answer Minim that ask these questions.
(n) (Rav Chanan bar Rava): Avraham was imprisoned for 10
years, three in Kusa, seven in Kardo (Ararat). (Rav Dimi
(o) (Rav Chisda): Ivra Ze'ira of Kusa is Or Kasdim.
(p) (Rav Chanan bar Rava): The day Avraham died, all the
important Nochrim bewailed: 'The world lost its leader,
the ship lost its captain.
(q) (Rav Chanan bar Rava): "Veha'Misnasei l'Chol l'Rosh" -
even the overseer of who draws water from the pit is
appointed from Heaven.
3) FAMINE, AND NOSTALGIA
(a) (R. Chiya bar Avin): Elimelech and his family would not
have left Eretz Yisrael if they found food, even bran!
4) EXPOUNDING NAMES AND VERSES ABOUT RUTH
1. They were punished because they did not pray for
their generation - "B'Za'akech Yatziluch
(b) (Rabah bar bar Chanah): Permission to leave Eretz Yisrael
depends on the price of grain only when money is cheap
and produce is expensive, but if money is scarce, even if
four Se'im sell for a Sela, one may leave.
1. (R. Yochanan): I remember when four Se'im sold for a
Sela, and many people had swelled stomachs from
hunger in Teveryah, because money was scarce.
(c) (R. Elazar): I remember when a raven would take meat, and
a stream of fat would extend from the wall (of the city)
to the ground.
2. I remember when workers would refuse to work in the
east part of the city, because they would die from
the smell of bread.
3. I remember when a child would cut a carob and honey
would spurt on his arms.
(d) (R. Yochanan): I remember when boys 16 or 17 years old
would play together with girls and not sin.
(e) (R. Yochanan): I remember, they would say in the Beis
Midrash, one who admits to (flatters) idolaters will fall
to them (rather, one must refute everything they say);
1. If one is secure that they will not harm him and
lets others see what he has, they will take all he
(a) Question: In Megilas Rus, Elimelech's children are called
Machlon and Chilyon; in Divrei ha'Yamim, they are called
Yo'ash and Saraf!
(b) Answer #1 (Rav or Shmuel): Their real names were Machlon
and Chilyon; they are called Yo'ash and Saraf because
they Nisya'ashu (despaired) of salvation and were worthy
to be Nisrafim (burned).
(c) Answer #2 (The other of Rav and Shmuel): Their real names
were Yo'ash and Saraf; they are called Machlon and
Chilyon because they made themselves Chulin and were
worthy of Kelayah (to be wiped out).
(d) Support (for the first opinion - Beraisa): (The verse
lists people of Yehudah): "V'Yokim" - this is Yehoshua
(perhaps his mother was from Yehudah), who Hekim
(fulfilled) the oath to the Givonim; "v'Anshei Kozeva" -
these are the Givonim, lied to Yehoshua; "v'Yo'ash
v'Saraf" - these are Machlon and Chilyon;
1. They are called Yo'ash and Saraf because they
despaired of salvation and were worthy to be burned.
(e) "Asher Ba'alu l'Mo'av" - they married Moabite women;
"v'Yashuvi Lechem" - this is Rus, who returned and clung
to Beis Lechem; "veha'Devarim Atikim" - these matters
were said by the Ancient One of the World;
1. It says "Matzasi David Avdi", and "Shtei Venosecha
ha'Nimtza'os" David and (Rechavam) descended from
Lot's daughters, who were saved (and permitted to
marry into Yisrael, unlike men of Amon and Mo'av).
(f) "Hemah ha'Yotzerim" - these are the children of Yonadav,
who guarded their father's oath; "v'Yoshevei Neta'im" -
this is Shlomo, who was like a sapling regarding kingship
(he grew greatly); "u'Gderah" - this is the Sanhedrin,
who fenced the breaches in Yisrael; "Im ha'Melech
bi'Mlachto Yashvu Sham" - this is Rus, who saw the
kingship of Shlomo, her grandson's grandson.
1. (R. Elazar): "Va'Yasem Kisei l'Em ha'Melech" - this
was for Rus, the mother of the kingly line.
(g) (Beraisa): "Va'Achaltem Min ha'Tevu'ah Yashan" - without
(h) Question: What does this mean?
(i) Answer #1 (Rav Nachman): Worms will not make it rot.
(j) Answer #2 (Rav Sheshes): Hot winds will not prevent you
from aging it.
(k) Support (for Rav Nachman - Beraisa):
"Va'Achaltem...Yashan" - one might have thought, Yisrael
will be hoping for new grain because old grain ceased
1. "Ad Bo Tevu'asah" - you (will not be rushed to
harvest, you) will wait until it is properly
(l) Support (for Rav Sheshes - Beraisa):
"Va'Achaltem...Yashan" - one might have thought, Yisrael
will be hoping for new grain because the old grain is bad
(because of hot winds);
1. "Ad Bo Tevu'asah" - you will wait until it is
(m) (Beraisa): "Va'Achaltem Yashan Noshan" - this teaches
that older grain is better.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps that only applies to things that
are normally aged.
(n) (Rav Papa): Everything is better old, except for dates,
beer and small fish.
2. Rejection: "Yashan Noshan" - even things that are
not normally aged.
3. "V'Yashan Mipenei Chadash Totzi'u" - this teaches
that all the storehouses will be full of old
produce, and the granaries will new produce, and
Yisrael will have to clear out the old to make room
for the new.