POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 10
BAVA BASRA 9 & 10 - these Dafim have been dedicated anonymously l'Iluy
Nishmas Tzirel Nechamah bas Tuvya Yehudah.
1) THE REWARD OF TZEDAKAH (cont.)
(a) (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): Anyone who regularly gives
Tzedakah, he will merit to have children with Chachmah,
wealth, and that know Agadah (non-legal teachings).
1. Chachmah - for (the above verse) says, "Yimtza
(b) (Beraisa - R. Meir) Question: If Hash-m loves the poor
why doesn't he feed them?
2. Wealth - it says, they (will be able to give)
3. Agadah - it says here "V'Chavod", and it also says
"Kavod Chachamim Yinchalu" (people that expound
Agadah are greatly respected).
(c) Answer (R. Meir): To allow people to give Tzedakah and
(d) Turnusrufus asked this of R. Akiva, and received the same
1. Turnusrufus: Just the contrary! This is like a king
who put his servant in jail and commanded not to
feed him, and someone fed him - the king will be
(e) (R. Yehudah b'Rebbi Shalom): Just as a person's income is
fixed on Rosh Hashanah for the year, his losses
(expenditures) for the year are fixed then;
i. You are called his servants - "Ki Li Venei
2. R. Akiva: This is like a king who was angry at his
son and put him in jail and commanded not to feed
him, and someone fed him - the king will send that
man a gift!
3. We are called His children - "Banim Atem la'Sh-m
4. Turnusrufus: You are called slaves and children -
when you do His will, you are children; when not,
you are slaves;
i. Now, you are not doing His will, you are
5. R. Akiva: "Paros la'Ra'ev Lachmecha";
i. The verse speaks of a time such as now, when
"V'Aniyim Merudim Tavi Vayis" - and it says
"Paros la'Ra'ev Lachmecha"!
1. If he merits, his expenditures will be for Tzedakah;
if not, Romi will take the money ("V'Aniyim
(f) Rav Papa was alighting a ladder; his leg slipped, he was
about to fall. He lamented that he was about to die from
being cast to the ground, similar to death by stoning,
the punishment for desecration of Shabbos or idolatry.
2. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai saw in a dream that his
nephews would lose 700 Dinarim in the year. He
pressed them to give Tzedakah; he got them to give
all but 17 of the 700. On the night before Yom
Kipur, officers of the Kaiser came. (His nephews
feared that they would take a great sum.)
i. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: Don't worry, they will
only take the last 17 Dinarim.
ii. After he explained how he knew, his nephews
asked why he didn't tell them of the dream.
iii. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: In order that you will
give for the sake of the Mitzvah, without
knowing that you stand to lose the money
1. Chiya bar Rav mi'Dift: Perhaps a poor person came to
you and you did not give him!
(g) (Beraisa - R. Elazar b'Rebbi Yosi): All Tzedakah and
Chesed that Yisrael do in this world causes great Shal-m
with Hash-m and advocating angels.
2. (Beraisa - R. Yehoshua ben Korchah): Seeing someone
who needs Tzedakah and overlooking him is like
i. It says "Bliya'al" regarding refraining from
lending money, just as it says regarding
(h) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Great is Tzedakah, for it brings
the redemption close.
(i) R. Yehudah: Ten hard things were created in the world: a
mountain is hard, but iron can cut it; iron is hard, but
fire melts it; fire is hard, but water extinguishes it;
water is hard, but the clouds bear it; clouds are hard,
but wind scatters them; wind is hard, but the body
contains it; the body is hard, but fear breaks it; fear
is hard, but wine dispels it; wine is hard, but sleep
negates its effect;
1. Death is harder than all of these, and "U'Tzdakah
(j) (R. Dosta'i b'Rebbi Yanai): Hash-m's ways are unlike
those of people!
1. If one gives a big gift to a mortal king, he is
unsure if the king will accept it;
(k) R. Elazar would give a Perutah to Tzedakah before praying
- "B'Tzedek Echezeh Fanecha".
2. Even if he accepts it, the giver is not sure if he
will get to see the king.
3. But one who gives a Perutah to Tzedakah, he receives
the Divine Presence - "B'Tzedek Echezeh Fanecha".
(l) Question: What does the continuation mean - "Esbe'ah
(m) Answer (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): This refers to
Chachamim, who deny themselves sleep in this world, and
Hash-m Masbi'a (satiates) them with His presence in the
world to come.
(n) (R. Yochanan): "Malve Hash-m Chonen Dal" - if not for the
verse, it would be forbidden to say such a thing!
1. Hash-m considers Himself to be like a borrower (who
is like a slave) to one who gives Tzedakah.
(o) (R. Chiya bar Aba): "Lo Yo'il Hon b'Yom Evrah u'Tzdakah
Tatzil mi'Maves"; it also says "Lo Yo'ilu Otzeros Resha
u'Tzdakah Tatzil mi'Maves";
1. Question: Why must it mention two Tzedakos?
2. Answer: One saves him from a harsh death, one saves
him from judgment in Gehinom.
3. Question: Which saves from judgment in Gehinom?
4. Answer: The one in which it says "Evrah" - "Yom
Evrah ha'Yom ha'Hu".
i. Giving without knowing to whom he gives, in a
way that the receiver does not know from whom
he receives, this saves from a harsh death.
(p) Question: How may one accomplish this?
2) THE STANDING OF PEOPLE IN THE WORLD TO COME
(q) Answer: He gives to the pouch of Tzedakah.
(r) Question (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): To merit male children,
a person should distribute his money to the poor;
1. R. Yehoshua says, he should make his wife joyful
(s) Answer: Indeed, the counsel to give to the pouch of
Tzedakah is when someone as trustworthy as R. Chanina ben
Tradyon is appointed over it.
2. R. Eliezer ben Yakov says, a person should not give
a Perutah to the Tzedakah pouch unless the one
appointed over it is as trustworthy as R. Chanina
(a) (R. Avahu): Moshe asked Hash-m what will glorify Yisrael;
Hash-m answered, "Ki Sisa (every Yisrael will give a
3) TZEDAKAH OF NOCHRIM
(b) (R. Avahu): People asked Shlomo how great is the power of
1. Shlomo: "Pizar Nasan la'Evyonim Tzidkaso Omedes
(c) (R. Avahu): People asked Shlomo who is (primarily) a
person of the world to come.
2. (R. Aba): We may learn from "Maromim
Yishkon...(because) Lachmo Nitan".
1. Shlomo: "V'Neged Zekenav Kavod".
2. R. Yehoshua's son Yosef left this world and
returned; he recounted what he saw.
3. Yosef: I saw an upside-down world - (rich) people on
top here are below there, and vice-versa!
4. R. Yehoshua: What you saw is reality! How did
5. Yosef: Just as important as they are here;
i. They were saying that happy is the one who
comes to the world to come and remembers his
6. They also said that no one else has a standing like
those (who sanctified Hash-m's name when) killed by
7. Question: To which people did this refer?
i. If to R. Akiva and the other Chachamim killed
by the king - even if they were not killed by
the king, no one could compare to them!
8. Answer: Rather, it referred to those killed in Lud.
(Two brothers who confessed to a false accusation
which the king planned to use as a pretext to kill
all the Yisraelim.)
(a) (Beraisa - R. Yochanan Ben Zakai) Question: What is the
meaning of "Tzedakah Teromem Goy v'Chesed l'Umim Chatas"?
(b) Answer #1 (R. Eliezer): Tzedakah elevates Yisrael, but it
is a sin for Nochrim, for they only give to aggrandize
1. "(Daryavesh gave in order that) l'Chayei Malka
(c) Answer #2 (R. Yehoshua): Tzedakah elevates Yisrael, but
it is a sin for Nochrim, for they only give to prolong
2. Question: But one may give Tzedakah this way!
i. (Beraisa): One who says, 'I give this Sela to
Tzedakah in order that my son should live', or
'in order that I will merit the world to come"
- he is a perfect Tzadik!
3. Answer: That is only by Yisrael, not by Nochrim (for
if they do not get their request, they regret the
1. (Nebuchadnetzar gave in order that "V'Chata'ach
b'Tzidkah Feruk (he will redeem his sin through
Tzedakah)...Teheve Archah li'Shlevsach (and he will
have serenity for a long time)";
(d) Answer #3 (R. Gamliel): Tzedakah elevates Yisrael, but it
is a sin for Nochrim, for they only give to be haughty;
1. Every haughty person falls to Gehinom - "Zed
Yahir...b'Evras Zadon" ("Evras" refers to Gehinom,
(e) Answer #4 (R. Eliezer ha'Moda'ai): Tzedakah elevates
Yisrael, but it is a sin for Nochrim, for they only give
to revile Yisrael.
1. (Nevuzaradan (Nebuchadnetzar's general) said "Ki
(f) Answer #5 (R. Nechunyah ben ha'Kaneh): Tzedakah and
Chesed elevate Yisrael, it is a sin for Nochrim.
(g) R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: R. Nechunyah's answer is the
better than my answer and yours, for he explains that
Tzedakah and Chesed refer to Yisrael.
(h) Question: How did R. Yochanan Ben Zakai himself answer?
(i) Answer (Beraisa - R. Yochanan Ben Zakai): Just as a
Chatas offering atones for Yisrael, Tzedakah atones for
(j) The mother of Shevor Malka sent 400 Dinarim to R. Ami; he
did not accept; she sent to Rava, and he accepted, for
the sake of Shalom with the king.
1. R. Ami heard of this and was disturbed - doesn't
Rava agree "Bi'Vosh Ketzirah Tishavarna" (when the
king's merits are used up, he will fall)?!
2. Rava accepted for the sake of Shalom with the king.
3. Question: Isn't R. Ami also concerned for Shalom
with the king?
4. Answer: One could accept the money and give it to
5. Question: Indeed, Rava did so!
6. Answer: R. Ami did not hear that.