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Bava Basra 101

BAVA BASRA 101-105 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 1] ROCHBAN SHISHAH - their width is six [Tefachim, or 1 Amah]
2) [line 6] SHESH AL SHESH - six [Amos] by six [Amos]
3) [line 10] HANEI TREI, L'HEICHA SHADI LEHU? - Those two [Kuchin that Rebbi Shimon specified in the Mishnah, "Echad mi'Ymin ha'Pesach v'Echad Min ha'Semol"], to which direction are they extended [lengthwise]?

4) [line 11] IY L'VARAI - if [the two additional Kuchin are extended] towards the outside (i.e. the Kuchin are dug into the same wall of the cave as the entrance to the cave. They extend into the floor of the Chatzer outside of the cave (the floor of the Chatzer was higher than the floor of the cave).)

5) [line 11] HA KAMISDESHEI LEHU - but they are going to trample over them (and thus it will be a disgrace for the Mes, as the people who bury the Mesim in the cave will always walk over it when they enter the cave (RASHBAM, RABEINU GERSHOM))

6) [line 12] CHATZER HA'KEVER, HA'OMED B'SOCHO TAHOR - the courtyard [outside] of the burial place, he who stands there is Tahor (from Tum'as Ohel - see Background to Bava Basra 27:18, TUMAS OHEL)

7) [last line] D'AVID LEHU K'MIN NAGAR - we make them (these two additional Kuchin) like a doorpost (i.e. they are built in a vertical, upright position, in the wall of the cave on each side of the entranceway)


8) [line 1] D'AVID LEHU B'KEREN ZAVIS - they are made in the corners (the two additional Kuchin are built into the corners of the far wall (according to the second explanation of the Rashbam), opposite the entranceway, in a diagonal position (see diagram in Rashbam))

9) [line 7] KI CHARUSA - like a palm branch (just like the individual leaves protrude parallel to each other in a diagonal manner, the Kuchin, according to Rebbi Shimon, extended from the burial caves in a parallel, diagonal manner (see diagram in Rashbam))

10) [line 8] BERUSA HI - it is an "outside," rejected opinion
11) [line 8] KOL AMSA B'RIBU'A, AMSA U'TREI CHUMSHEI B'ALACHSONA - for every Amah along each side of a square the diagonal increases by one and two-fifths of an Amah

12) [line 10] KAMAH HAVEI LEHU - how much room do they have (if the side of each wall of the two caves is 8 Amos long, then the length of the diagonal, i.e. the spave in which the 8 Kuchin are built, is only 11 1/5 Amos. However, the 8 Kuchin were each 1 Amah wide, and between each one there was 1 Amah, for a total of 15 Amos! How, then, could 15 Amos fit inside a length of 11 1/5 Amos?)

13) [line 14] NIFLEI - stillborns
14) [last line] TEFUSASO - [when an unknown grave is discovered,] the "Tefusah," or the Afar ha'Ticho'ach (loose earth underneath the dead body) and three finger-breadths of Karka ha'Besulah (ground that has never been turned, that is under the Afar ha'Ticho'ach), [is dug up with the body for proper burial]

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