(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Bava Basra 16

BAVA BASRA 16 (23 Nisan) - dedicated by Mr. Avy Reichman of Queens, NY, l'Iluy Nishmas his father, Dovid ben Avraham, on the day of his Yahrzeit.

1) [line 2] "OD ZEH MEDABER V'ZEH BA, VA'YOMAR, 'KASDIM SAMU SHELOSHAH ROSHIM VA'YIFSHETU AL HA'GEMALIM VA'YIKACHUM...'" - "While this one was speaking, another [messenger] came, and he said, 'The [army of the] Kasdim formed three group and spread themselves around the camels and took them away, [and the lads they struck down with the sword, and only I escaped in order to tell you.']" (Iyov 1:17)

2) [line 7] "VA'YAKAM IYOV VA'YIKRA ES ME'ILO VA'YAGAZ ES ROSHO..." - "Iyov stood up and tore his coat, and he pulled out the hair of his head, [and he fell upon the ground and bowed [to HaSh-m].]" (Iyov 1:20)

3) [line 10] "B'CHOL ZOS LO CHATA IYOV, V'LO NASAN TIFLAH L'EILOKIM." - "With all this, Iyov did not sin, and he did not ascribe wrongdoing to HaSh-m." (Iyov 1:22)

4) [line 12] "VA'YOMER HASH-M EL HA'SATAN, 'ME'AYIN TAVO?' VA'YA'AN HA'SATAN ES HASH-M VA'YOMAR, 'MI'SHUT BA'ARETZ [UMEI'HIS'HALECH BAH.']" - "HaSh-m said to the Satan, 'From where have you come?' The Satan answered HaSh-m and said, 'From traversing the land [and traveling in it.']" (Iyov 1:7)

5) [line 17] "... V'ODENU MACHZIK B'SUMASO, VA'TESISEINI VO L'VAL'O CHINAM." - "... He is still holding strong to his wholesomeness, and you persuaded Me to destroy him for no reason." (Iyov 2:3)

6) [line 18] K'ADAM, SHE'MESISIN OSO V'NISAS - just like a person, whom people can persuade and he is persuaded

7a) [line 18] YORED U'MAS'EH - he goes down (to earth) to cause a person to go wayward (and to sin)
b) [line 18] OLEH U'MARGIZ - and he goes up [to Shamayim] and arouses His anger (against the person whom he persuaded to sin)
c) [line 18] NOTEL RESHUS V'NOTEL NESHAMAH - he receives permission (from HaSh-m) to take away the person's Neshama (i.e. to kill him)

8) [line 19] "... OR B'AD OR, V'CHOL ASHER LA'ISH YITEN B'AD NAFSHO." - "[The Satan answered HaSh-m and said,] 'Skin for the sake of skin -- and everything that a man has he will give for his soul.'" (Iyov 2:4)

9) [line 24] ALMA B'DIDEI KAIMA - therefore, [it is evident that] it is in his hands [to kill a person]

10) [line 24] PENINAH - Peninah was one of the wives of Elkanah, the father of the prophet Shmuel. She had a number of children while the other wife of Elkanah, Chanah, had none. She taunted Chanah, making her even more distraught, so that Chanah would pray even more fervently and merit a child. Eventually, Chanah gave birth to the prophet Shmuel and a number of other children. With each child born to Chanah, two of Peninah's children died as punishment for her taunting. (Even though her intentions were l'Shem Shamayim, for Chanah's benefit, since they nevertheless caused Chanah to suffer, Peninah was punished, as in all cases of sins Bein Adam l'Chaveiro. -- SICHOS MUSAR by RAV CHAYIM SHMULEVITZ) Peninah begged Chanah to forgive her and pray for her, and the last two children of Peninah survived.

11) [line 25] D'NATYEI DA'ATEI BASAR IYOV - that His (HaSh-m's) favor was being inclined toward Iyov

12) [line 25] MINSHI LEI L'RACHMENUSEI D'AVRAHAM - He is forgetting His love for Avraham

13) [line 26] V'CHI'ASATAH TZARASAH GAM KA'AS, BA'AVUR HAR'IMAH, [KI SAGAR HASH-M B'AD RACHMAH.]" - "Her rival would constantly agitate her, in order to arouse her, [for HaSh-m had closed her womb]." (Shmuel I 1:6)

14) [line 26] PAPONYA - the name of a city (presumably Epiphania, a city on the Euphrates River)

15) [line 27] NASHKEI L'CHAR'EI - he kissed his feet (the Satan kissed the feet of Rav Acha bar Yakov for judging him favorably)

16) [line 28] "ERETZ NITNAH V'YAD RASHA, PENEI SHOFTEHAH YECHASEH, IM LO EFO MI HU." - "The earth is given over into the hands of the wicked, who covers the faces of the judges, for if not [he], then who [does this]?" (Iyov 9:24)

17) [line 28] LAHAFOCH KE'ARAH AL PIHA - to overturn the platter onto its face (that is, he attempted to discredit the authority of HaSh-m, Chas v'Shalom, by inferring that the wicked run the world at their whim while HaSh-m stands idly by)

18) [line 29] LO DIBER IYOV ELA KENEGED HA'SATAN - Iyov was only speaking against the Satan (he was not inferring that the honor of HaSh-m is not present in the world, but rather he was just saying that the Satan makes it appear that way)

19) [line 30] "AL DA'TECHA KI LO ERSHA, V'EIN MI'YADCHA MATZIL." - "You know that I will not be found wicked, as no one can be saved from your hand." (Iyov 10:7)

20a) [line 32] PARSOSAV SEDUKOS - its hooves are split
b) [line 32] PARSOSAV KELUTOS - its hooves are closed
21) [line 33] MI ME'AKEV AL YADCHA - who is holding You back (from turning the wicked into righteous people)

22) [line 33] "AF ATAH TAFER YIR'AH, V'SIGRA SICHAH LIFNEI KEL." - "You even abolish fear [of HaSh-m], and you belittle prayer before HaSh-m." (Iyov 15:4)

23) [line 34] TAVLIN - spices/herbs (just like herbs are used as remedies against illness, the Torah is the remedy against the Yetzer ha'Ra; alternatively, just like spices are used to give taste to a food, the Torah guides a person and enables him to direct his Yetzer ha'Ra towards productive ends)

24) [line 35] "BIRKAS OVED ALAI TAVO, V'LEV ALMANAH ARNIN." - "The blessing of the one who was lost would come upon me, and I would cause the heart of the widow to sing joyously." (Iyov 29:13)

25) [line 36] SHADI SHEMEI ILAVAH - he would place his name upon her (meaning that he would claim her as a relative, or he would recommend that others marry her)

26) [line 37] HAVU ASU NASVEI LAH - people would come to marry her (after hearing that she was related to Iyov)

27) [line 37] "LU SHAKOL YISHAKEL KA'SI V'HAVASI B'MOZNAYIM YIS'U YACHAD." - "If only my anger was would be weighed, and my suffering carried together with it on a scale." (Iyov 6:2)

28) [line 37] AFRA L'FUMEI D'IYOV! - Dirt in the mouth of Iyov!
29) [line 38] CHAVRUSA KELAPEI SHEMAYA?! - Does he think he is a peer of Heaven?!

30) [line 38] "(LU) [LO] YESH BEINEINU MOCHI'ACH, YASHES YADO AL SHENEINU." - "There is no judge between us who could place his hand on both of us." (Iyov 9:33)

31) [line 39] "BRIS KARATI L'EINAI, U'MAH ESBONEN AL BESULAH?" - "I made a covenant with my eyes, [saying to myself,] 'For what should I gaze at a virgin?'" (Iyov 31:1)

32) [line 40] IHU B'ACHARANISA - he at another woman (other than his wife)
33) [line 41] "KALAH ANAN VA'YELACH, KEN YORED SHE'OL LO YA'ALEH." - "Just as a cloud dissipates and goes, so one who descends to the grave will not rise up." (Iyov 7:9)

34) [line 42] "ASHER BI'SE'ARAH YESHUFENI V'HIRBAH FETZA'AI CHINAM." - "For in the storm wind it crushes me, and He increases my wounds for no reason." (Iyov 9:17)

35) [line 42] BI'SE'ARAH CHEREF - he blasphemed using the word "storm"

36) [line 45] "EZAR NA CH'GEVER CHALATZECHA, V'ESH'ALCHA V'HODI'ENI." - "Gird, now, your loins like a strong man, and I will ask you and you will tell Me." (Iyov 38:3)

37) [line 45] NIMIN - hairs
38) [line 46] GUMA - hair follicle, the hole from which each hair grows
39) [line 47] MACHSHICHOS ME'OR EINAV SHEL ADAM - they would darken the light of the eyes (i.e. eyesight) of a person

40) [line 48] "MI FILAG LA'SHETEF TE'ALAH..." - "Who digs out for the rain a channel..." (Iyov 38:25)

41) [line 49] DEFUS - a form
42) [line 50] METASHTESHOS ES HA'ARETZ - it would make the earth muddy
43) [line 52] "VA'YA'AS TE'ALAH K'VEIS SASAYIM ZERA..." - "He (Eliyahu ha'Navi) made a channel like the size of an area large enough to plant two Se'ah of seed [around the altar.]" (Melachim I 18:32)

44) [line 52] "... V'DERECH LA'CHAZIZ KOLOS." - "... and a path for the lightning of the thunders." (Iyov 38:25)

45) [line 53] SHEVIL BIFNEI ATZMO - a path all for itself
46) [last line] "HA'YADATA ES LEDES YA'ALEI SALA, CHOLEL AYALOS TISHMOR." - "Do you know the time when the mountain goats give birth, or can you anticipate the labor pains of the hinds?" (Iyov 39:1)

47) [last line] SHE'KORA'AS LALEDES - that it bends down to give birth


48) [line 1] SHE'YIPOL MIMENAH - so that it (the baby) will fall from her [and die]
49) [line 6] RACHMAH TZAR - its womb is narrow
50) [line 7] DERAKON - a serpent
51) [line 8] MAKISHAH - bites her
52) [line 8] U'MISRAPAH MI'MOLDAH - and it expands it (the womb) to allow it to give birth

53) [line 18] "... VA'YIVA'ADU YACHDAV LA'VO LA'NUD LO UL'NACHAMO." - "[Iyov's three friends heard about all this evil that had befallen him, and they came, each man from his place...] and they joined together to come to comfort him and to console him." (Iyov 2:11)

54) [line 21] SHELOSH ME'OS PARSEI - three hundred Parso'as (each Parsah is four Mil, and one Mil is 2000 Amos)

55) [line 22] KELILA HAVAH LEHU - they each had a crown
56) [line 22] ILANEI HAVAH LEHU - they each had a tree
57) [line 23] KAMSHEI - it withered
58) [line 25] REVIYAH BA'AH LA'OLAM - reproduction comes to the world (see Insights here)

59) [line 26] MERIVAH BA'AH LA'OLAM - argument comes to the world (if the husband does not have merit, his wife argues with him)

60) [line 29] REICHAH NODEF KI'KETZI'AH - her scent emanates like Ketzi'ah (cassia, an organic bark)

61) [line 30] KARNA D'KERESH - the horn of the Keresh (a Keresh is a wild animal with black horns, possibly an antelope)

62) [line 30] MECHAICHU ALAH B'MA'ARAVA - they laughed at this interpretation in Eretz Yisrael

63) [line 30] LEKUSA HI - it is a blemish
64) [line 30] KURKEMA D'RISHKA B'MINEI - like the finest Kurkema d'Rishka (O.F. crog orientel, garden safflower or saffron) of its type

65) [line 31] "KI SIK'RE'I VA'PUCH EINAYICH" - "If you paint your eyes with mascara" (Yirmeyah 4:30)

66) [line 31] HAVAH KA CHALASH DA'ATEI - he was feeling upset, dejected
67) [line 32] TANCHUMIN SHEL HEVEL NICHAMACH AVUCH - with empty words of comfort has your father comforted you

68a) [line 34] BASAM - a spice and perfume merchant
b) [line 34] BURSI - a tanner, who uses animal excrement to tan hides
69) [line 36] ACHERIM OMRIM - others say. (Although "Acherim" normally refers to Rebbi Meir as the Gemara says in Horiyos (13b), here it cannot refer to Rebbi Meir because he clearly argues with this opinion. TOSFOS (to Berachos 9b, Sotah 12a, and Avodah Zarah 64b) points out that "Acherim" indeed does not necessary always refer to Rebbi Meir.)

70) [line 36] ITZTAGNINUS HAYESAH B'LIBO - he had the wisdom of astrology in his heart

71) [line 39] GALGAL CHAMAH - the sphere of the sun
72a) [line 39] IDLI YOMA - when the day (i.e. sun) goes up
b) [line 39] IDLI KETZIRA - the illness is lifted
73a) [line 43] MAH ADASHAH ZU EIN LAH PEH - just like a lentil has no mouth (no opening)
b) [line 43] AVEL EIN LO PEH - a mourner has no mouth (for he sits silently)
74) [line 43] MEGULGELES - it rolls
75) [line 44] MACHZERES AL BA'EI OLAM - it comes around to everyone in the world

76) [line 44] L'NACHUMEI B'VEI'EI - to comfort mourners with an egg (an egg does not roll, since it is an oval shape and not a circle, but it does not have an opening)

77) [line 45] KAFAR BA'IKAR - he denied the Source (the presence of HaSh-m in the world)

78) [line 45] SHAT ES HA'BECHORAH - he disgraced the right of the firstborn (referring to the privilege of performing the Divine Avodah)

79) [line 47] "... OY NA LI, KI AYFAH NAFSHI L'HORGIM." - "... Woe now unto me, for my soul has become weary because of the killers." (Yirmeyah 4:31)

80) [line 50] V'KA MENAMNEM - and he was dozing
81) [line 50] VADAI D'AMRISU - certainly you have said
82) [line 51] KOL MISAH SHE'YESH BAH GEVI'AH - every time the Torah refers to someone's death as "Gevi'ah"

83) [line 52] AD'HACHI IS'AR BEHU RAVA - in the meantime Rava woke up
84) [line 52] DARDEKEI! - You fools! (lit. young students, who have not reached a level where they can make analytical deductions)

85) [line 54] MID'AKDEMEI - from the fact that he let him lead (Yishmael let Yitzchak go in front of him)

86) [last line] ADBUREI ADBEREI - he treated him with respect

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,