(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Bava Basra 15

BAVA BASRA 14 & 15 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 2] CHIZKIYAH V'SIYATO - Chizkiyah and his entourage

The Torah leaders and prophets who lived at the beginning of the period of the second Beis ha'Mikdash were called the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah (Sages of the Great Assembly). These 120 sages were responsible for setting laws and enforcing them, teaching Torah, enacting decrees to strengthen observance of the Torah and the Mitzvos, and canonizing the prayers. Shimon ha'Tzadik, who lived at the time of Alexander the Great, was "from the remnants of the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah" (Avos 1:2). The Mishnah in Avos (1:1) quotes these sages' instructions: "Be patient in judgment; raise up many students; and make a fence [as a guard] for the Torah."

3) [line 6] YACHAS SHEL DIVREI HA'YAMIM AD LO - he (Ezra) wrote all of the lineage that is contained in Divrei Hayamim until the point that he wrote his own lineage

4) [line 8] MAN ASKEI - who is the one that completed the book of Ezra?
5) [line 18] MOSHE KOSEV B'DEMA - Moshe was writing these verses with tears (as these verses discuss his own death) (For an alternative explanation, see Kol Eliyahu by the Vilna Ga'on.)

6) [line 23] YACHID KOREI OSAN - one individual must read them, without interruption (RASHI, RABEINU TAM; see Insights to this Daf for five other explanations)

7) [line 24] HO'IL V'ISHTENU, ISHTENU - since they were written differently than other verses, they also have a different Halachic status

8) [line 26] ASKEI ELAZAR - Elazar (the son of Aharon ha'Kohen) completed it (the Book of Yehoshua)

9) [line 39] "MI YITEN EFO V'YIKASVUN MILAI, [MI YITEN BA'SEFER V'YUCHAKU.]" - "If only my words would be written, [if only they would be engraved in a book.]" (Iyov 19:23)

10) [line 40] "U'VAMEH YIVADA EFO" - "How, then, will it be known..." (Shemos 33:16)

11) [line 42] "IM KEN EFO ZOS ASU" - "If it must be so, then do this..." (Bereishis 43:11)

12) [line 45] "VA'YAR REISHIS LO KI SHAM CHELKAS MECHOKEK SAFUN" - "He chose the first portion for himself, for that is where the share of the lawgiver is hidden." (Devarim 33:21) - The "lawgiver," or "Mechokek," refers to Moshe Rabeinu.

13) [line 48] SHE'SHENOSAV ARUCHOS K'ETZ - that his years are as lengthy as [the years of] a tree

14) [line 53] ME'OLEI GOLAH HAYAH - he was one of those who came up to Eretz Yisrael from [the Babylonian] exile


15) [line 7] "MI'MISHPACHAS RAM" - "[The anger raged of Elihu, the son of Baracheil, descended from Buz] from the family of Ram...." (Iyov 32:2) - The fact that the verse describes his lineage indicates that he was a Jew. Alternatively, "Ram" refers to Avraham Avinu (RASHBAM).

16) [line 7] INVUY INVI - he directed his prophecy
17) [line 14] MECHAREF U'MEGADEF - to insult and curse
18) [line 16] L'TORDO MIN HA'OLAM - to push him out of the world (i.e. Olam ha'Ba, the World to Come)

19) [line 18] "HEN ATEM KULCHEM CHAZISEM, V'LAMAH ZEH HEVEL TEHBALU." - "Behold, you have all seen [the way the Rasha is punished], so why do you speak foolish words?" (Iyov 27:12)

20a) [line 26] YEMEI MALCHUS SHEVA - during the times of the Kingdom of Sheva (the Queen of Sheba, who ruled at the time of Shlomo ha'Melech)
b) [line 27] YEMEI KASDIM - during the times of the Empire of the Kasdim (which was at the time of Nebuchadnezzar)

21) [line 32] MI SHARYA SHECHINAH - does the presence of the Shechinah rest itself [upon idolaters]

22) [line 33] "V'NIFLINU ANI V'AMCHA" - "I and Your people shall be made distinct." (Shemos 33:16)

23) [line 34] SHATUF B'ZIMAH - steeped in immorality
24) [line 35] "SHUVI SHUVI HA'SHULAMIS; SHUVI SHUVI V'NECHEZEH BACH" - "Turn away, turn away my perfect one; turn away, turn away and we shall glance at you." (Shir ha'Shirim 7:1)

25) [line 38] DOR SHE'SHOFET ES SHOFTAV - a generation that brings its judges to trial

26a) [line 38] OMER LO, "TOL KISAM MI'BEIN (EINECHA) [SHINECHA]" - if the judge would say to a person, "Take the splinter from between your (eyes) [teeth]," that is, repent from the small sin that you committed
b) [line 39] "TOL KORAH MI'BEIN EINECHA" - [then the litigant would respond to the judge,] "Take the beam from between your eyes!" That is, the judge committed much greater sins for which he must repent

27) [line 39] "KASPECH HAYAH L'SIGIM, SAV'ECH MAHUL BA'MAYIM." - "Your silver has become dross, your good wine diluted with water." (Yeshayah 1:22) - The Gemara explains that when a judge would rebuke someone, saying that he was dishonest (his silver was mixed with impure metals), the accused would respond that the judge himself is guilty of the same dishonesty (his wine was diluted with water).

28) [line 43] SHATETI - I have traversed [the world]
29) [line 45] LO HIRHER ACHAR MIDOSECHA - he did not have any improper thoughts about your fairness

30) [line 45] "... HA'SAMTA LIBCHA" - "Have you placed your attention [upon My servant Iyov...]?" (Iyov 1:8)

31) [line 48] VATRAN B'MAMONO - he was generous with his wealth
32) [line 49] IYOV VITRAH MI'SHELO - Iyov was generous with what was his
33) [line 49] "HALO ATAH SACHTA VA'ADO... MA'ASEH YADAV BERACHTA" - "Have You not been protective of him, his house, and all that belongs to him? You have blessed the work of his hands [and his cattle have broken forth in the land.]" (Iyov 1:10)

34) [line 51] PARTZU GIDRO SHEL OLAM - they broke the manner of the world (that is, his livestock acted in an unusual manner)

35) [line 52] "V'ULAM SHELACH NA YADCHA V'GA... IM LO AL PANECHA YEVARCHECHA." - "However, stretch out Your hand and touch everything that is his, [and see] if he will not curse You in Your face." (Iyov 1:11)

36) [last line] HIT'IMO... ME'EIN OLAM HA'BA - HaSh-m gave Iyov a taste of what Olam ha'Ba will be like

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,