REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 35
(a) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, how did he explain the Pasul
"Ki Tovim Dodecha mi'Ya'yin" (which we discussed in the Mishnah)? How does
he interpret "Dodecha", and how does he interpret "Yayin"?
(b) When Rebbi Yehosha cited this Pasuk to Rebbi Yishmael, Rebbi Shimon ben
Pazi (or bar Ami) explains, he really had in mind the previous Pasuk
"Yishakeini mi'Neshikos Piyhu". What was he hinting to him with this
Pasuk? What did he have in mind when he said ...
(c) In fact, says Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi Amar Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, the
reason that the Chachamim forbade the cheese of Beis Unaiki is because of
- ... 'Chashok Sifsosecha Zu be'Zu ... '?
- ... 've'Al Tevahel Le'hashiv'?
What does 'Nikur' mean?
(d) Rebbi Yehoshua did not want to tell this to Rebbi Yishmael, based on a
statement by Ula.
What did Ula say about the Minhag in Eretz Yisrael
following new decrees?
(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah objected strongly against Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's
reason (due to the fear of snake-bite), on account of a statement by Rebbi
What did Rebbi Chanina say about uncovered wine or beer (that is
forbidden because of possible snake venom) that dried or became old?
(b) Rebbi Chanina (or Rebbi Yirmiyah) therefore explains the reason for the
prohibition as 'L'fi sh'I Efshar Lah be'Lo Tzichtzuchei Chalav? What does he
mean by that?
(c) Shmuel himself attributes it to the fact that they used to place the
milk in the skin of a Neveilah.
Why is this any worse than placing it in
milk in the stomach, which our Mishnah permitted?
(d) What do we extrapolate from this with regard to the milk in the stomach
of a Neveilah itself?
(a) What does the Mishnah in Chulin say about the stomach of a Nochri's
animal and of Neveilah?
Answers to questions
(b) We ask why the former does not incorporate the latter.
How does Shmuel
amend the Mishnah to answer the Kashya?
(c) How do reconcile the two contradictory statements of Shmuel (both
permitting [the milk in] the stomach and forbidding?
(d) Then why did Rebbi not remove our Mishnah from the text?
(a) According to Rav Malkiya in the name of Rav Ada bar Ahavah, the
Chachamim decreed on Nochri cheese because they tend to smear them with pig
fat, and according to Rav Chisda, because they would stand them in (wine)
What does Rav Nachman say?
(b) We suggest that the author of our Mishnah must then be Rebbi Eliezer in
the Mishnah in Orlah.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say there about someone who
stands food in the sap of Orlah?
(c) We conclude however, that our Mishnah could even go like Rebbi Yehoshua.
Why might Rebbi Yehoshua (who argues with Rebbi Eliezer there) agree with
(d) And we prove this from Rebbi Yehoshua's own words in the Mishnah in
What does Rebbi Yehoshua say there with regard to someone who
stands food in ...
- ... the sap of the leaves or of the roots?
- ... the sap of unripe figs?
(a) What problem do we have with the last two explanations (Rav Nachman and
(b) How do we resolve the problem?
(a) What does Rav Chisda Darshen from the Pasuk in Koheles ...
(b) And what does he Darshen from the continuation of the Pasuk "Alamos
Ahevucha"? How will we then read "Alamos"?
- ... "le'Rei'ach Shemanecha Tovim"?
- ... "Shemen Turak Shemecha"?
(c) How can we also understand "Alamos" by way of an acronym?
(d) And how else might we read it?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about milk that a Nochri milked without a
Yisrael being present, Nochri bread and Nochri oil? What do they all have in
(b) Why do we erase the text that Rebbi later permitted Nochri oil from our
(c) Why does the Tana include cooked dishes and pickled foods in the above
(a) T'ris (a type of small, salted Kasher fish) and Tzir (fish-juice) appear
on the list too.
Under which conditions is ...
(b) The list of things that are forbidden to eat but Mutar be'Hana'ah ends
with Chilak (a Kasher fish known as 'Sultanis', which does not initially
grow fins and scales, and which generally catches similar looking non-Kasher
fish), a grain of Chiltis (a kind of sharp fruit) and Salkundis salt (which
will be discussed in the Sugya).
- ... T'ris forbidden?
- ... Tzir permitted?
Why are the latter two forbidden to eat?
(a) What problem do we have with the Isur of drinking non-Shomered milk? How
(b) How do we answer this Kashya, assuming the second suspicion to be the
- ... know immediately if the milk was from a non-Kasher animal?
- ... soon discover if the Nochri had only added non-Kasher milk?
(c) Why can we not test the milk ...
- ... by taking a little and making cheese (which if it doesn't work, will prove that it must be non-Kasher milk)?
- ... even if one intends to use it all for cheese?
(a) What did Rav Kahana Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about Beis-Din permitting
bread baked by a Nochri?
(b) He found it necessary to say this because of an episode with Rebbi,
related by Rav Dimi.
What did Rebbi say once about a large Pas Purni? What
is 'Pas Purni'?
(c) What did Rebbi mean when he proclaimed 'Mah Ra'u Chachamim le'Osrah'?
(d) Why can he not have meant literally what he said?
(a) What erroneous conclusion did people draw from Rebbi's statement?
(b) Rav Yosef (or Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah) present a different version of the
What sort of baker was Rebbi referring to, according to his
version, when, upon arriving at a place and discovering insufficient bread
for all the Talmidim, he asked whether there was no baker in the vicinity?
(c) What did they think he meant?
(a) There are those however, who conclude that Rebbi actually meant a Nochri
baker, like we thought at first. Rebbi Chelbo qualifies this by confining it
to where there is no Jewish baker (even in town).
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Yochanan
(b) What did Eivu used to do when walking through fields belonging to
(c) What declaration did Rava (or Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak) subsequently
make concerning Eivu?