REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 13
(a) What does Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa say about the day of tax relief? What
would they announce concerning anybody who would place a crown on his own
head or on that of his donkey?
(b) What problem would then face any Jew who happened to be there?
(c) What ruling does Rebbi Nasan therefore issue? What should be done when
(d) How is the Ikur of an animal performed?
- ... an animal?
- ... fruit, clothes and destructible goods?
- ... money and metal goods?
(a) How does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on Resh Lakish (who permits selling
to Nochrim on their festivals)?
(b) How does Rav Mesharshaya b'rei de'Rav Idi establish the Mishnah to
reconcile it with Resh Lakish?
(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan then say?
(a) What does another Beraisa say about ...
(b) What reason does the Tana give for this concession?
- ... purchasing animals, Avadim ... houses, fields and vineyards in the market from Nochrim?
- ... certifying the sale in Nochri courts?
(c) He also permits the owner, even if he is a Kohen, to go ...
(d) So what does the Beraisa really mean?
- ... to Chutz la'Aretz for this purpose.
Why does a Kohen require a special dispensation? Why might we have thought that it is forbidden?
- ... through a Beis ha'Kevaros, if need be.
What is the problem with that?
(a) For which other two reasons does the Tana permit the last two Isurim
(b) Rebbi Yehudah qualifies the Heter to transgress in order to learn Torah,
confining it to where he has no other Rebbe from whom to learn.
Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) Rebbi Yossi proves his point from Yosef ha'Kohen.
What did Yosef
(a) In what way does this Tana support Resh Lakish?
Answers to questions
(b) How do we know that Rebbi Yochanan was aware of the Beraisa?
(c) To reconcile the Beraisa with Rebbi Yochanan, we draw a distinction
between two kinds of salesmen.
How will Rebbi Yochanan establish this
(a) What does another Beraisa say about being Makdish, Machrim (declaring an
object Cherem [a form of Hekdesh]) or Ma'arich (undertaking to pay someone's
'value' to Hekdesh)?
(b) If someone did declare something Hekdesh, the Tana makes the same three
distinctions between the various kinds of commodities as it did in the
How does this Tana define 'Ikur'?
(c) How does Abaye explain the discrepancy between the two definitions of
Ikur? Why does this Tana mot agree with the definition of the previous one
('cutting off the leg below the knee')?
(d) Then why not Shecht the animal?
(a) According to Abaye, we cannot simply cut the animal in two, because the
Torah writes in Re'ei "ve'Nitatztem es Mizbechosam ... Lo Sa'asun Kein
la'Hashem Elokeichem" (prohibiting wanton destruction of any form of
What does Rava say?
(b) How can Rava speak of 'looking like' making a blemish Kodshim? Why is it
not actually blemishing them?
(c) Does the Torah permit creating a blemish on Kodshim that are already
(d) According to that opinion, why does Rava not consider this a case of
creating a blemish on Kodshim that are already blemished? Why does he still
refer to it as 'Nir'eh ke'Matil Mum'?
(a) When Rebbi Yonah once found Rebbi Ila'i standing by the gate of Tzur, he
asked him whether Rebbi Nasan's Din 'Beheimah Te'aker' will apply to an Eved
that one purchased at the Nochri market or not.
What sort of Eved was he
(b) Rebbi Ila'i replied with a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say about
Ovdei-Kochavim and shepherds of small animals?
(c) What is the significance of shepherds of small animals (see Tosfos DH
(d) How does this ruling resolve Rebbi Yonah's She'eilah?
(a) The Rabbanan of Rebbi Nasan permit the purchase of 'Beheimah, Avadim
What did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask Rebbi Zeira about 'Avadim'?
(b) Rebbi Zeira established the Beraisa by Avadim Ivrim.
What reason did
he give for that?
(a) When Ravin arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Resh Lakish, who
disagrees with Rebbi Zeira.
What reason does he give for permitting the
purchase even of Avadim Cana'anim?
(b) How does Rav Ashi refute that reason from the very Beraisa itself?
(c) So what reason does he give for the concession of buying animals and
Avadim Cana'anim from the Nochrim?
(a) Rebbi Ya'akov bought shoes from a Nochri.
What did Rebbi Yirmiyah buy?
(b) Neither did wrong, based on a statement by Rebbi Aba b'rei de'Rebbi
Chiya bar Aba.
What did Rebbi Aba say about the Mishnah's prohibition of
purchasing from a Nochri?
(c) Then why did Rebbi Ya'akov and Rebbi Yirmiyah ask each other whether his
Rebbe would have done what he did?
(d) Rebbi Aba b'rei de'Rebbi Chiya bar Aba however, was not happy with his
Why did he comment that Rebbi Yochanan would not have
permitted even buying from a private individual?
(e) In light of that, how will we then explain Rebbi Ya'akov and Rebbi
(a) What does our Mishnah say about Itztrublin and B'nos-Shu'ach, P'totros,
Levonah (which will all be explained in the Sugya) and a white rooster?
Other things, the Tana Kama concludes, 'S'taman Asur u'Perushan Mutar'
(which will be explained later).
(b) What is the reason for the prohibition?
(c) How does Rebbi Yehudah qualify the last item on the list?
(d) What does the Tana advise someone who wishes to sell a single white
rooster to do?
What does Rebbi Meir say about 'Dekel
Tav, Chatzav ve'Niklav'?
Answers to questions