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1) [line 1] KALECH ETZEL YACHID - go to [learn from] the individual (i.e. David ha'Melech, in order to learn that an individual who sinned can do Teshuvah and repent). ("Kalech" is a contraction of "Kaleh" - "stop," and "Lech" - "go" -- see RASHI to Chagigah 14a DH Kalech. According to the reading KELACH - "go, you," "Kelach" is a contraction of "Lecha" - "go," and "Lach" - "you" -- see RASHI to Shabbos 145b DH Kelach.)
2) [line 6] NEFISHEI RACHAMAIHU / ZECHUSAIHU - their [causes for] mercy/merits are abundant
3) [line 6] ALIMA - strong
5) [line 10] SHE'HEKIM ULAH SHEL TESHUVAH - who established (through his own conduct) the burden of [the obligation for a sinner to do] Teshuvah, repentance
6) [line 13] "... V'HALACH LEFANECHA TZIDKECHA, KEVOD HASH-M YA'ASFECHA." - "... your righteousness will walk before you, and the glory of HaSh-m will gather you in." (Yeshayah 58:8)
7) [line 15] MELAPAFTO - enwraps (and clings to) him
9) [line 28] "ZEH SEFER TOLDOS ADAM..." - "This is the book of the generations of Adam..." (Bereishis 5:1)
10) [line 30] "V'LI MAH YAKRU RE'ECHA KEL; [MEH ATZMU ROSHEIHEM.]" - "How precious to me are Your friends, G-d; [how exalted are their heads.]" (Tehilim 139:17)
11) [line 31] AD SHE'YICHLU NESHAMOS SHEB'GUF - until [all] the souls that are in "Guf" will be born (lit. finished). Guf is the chamber in which the souls of all future Jews are kept; alt., Guf refers to the Pargod (Heavenly Curtain) that divides between the Shechinah and the angels (RASHI to Yevamos 63b; see also Insights there)
12) [line 32] "KI LO L'OLAM ARIV, V'LO LA'NETZACH EKTZOF, KI RU'ACH MI'LEFANAI YA'ATOF, U'NESHAMOS ANI ASISI." - "For not forever shall I argue, and not for eternity shall I be angry, because [of] the spirit that is before Me, and the souls that I have made." (Yeshayah 57:16)
13a) [line 34] PARSHAS YEVAMOS (YIBUM) - the section of the Torah (Devarim
25:5-10) that teaches the laws of Yibum.
b) [line 34] PARSHAS NACHALOS - the section of the Torah (Bamidbar 27:6-11) that teaches the laws of inheritance
14) [line 35] AL TENAI - [those sections of the Torah were written] on condition (if the Jewish people sin, then those sections will take effect and be relevant; if the Jewish people do not sin, then those sections will not take effect)
15) [line 47] "B'MACHASHAKIM HOSHIVANI, K'MEISEI OLAM." - "He has set me in dark places, like the long ago dead." (Eichah 3:6)
16) [line 48] "AL NA SEHI K'MES" - "Let her not be like one who is dead" (Bamidbar 12:12) - This verse refers to Miriam, who was punished with Tzara'as after speaking Lashon ha'Ra about Moshe. Aharon pleaded with Moshe to forgive her and pray for her, so that she would not be "like one who is dead."
17) [line 48] "HAVAH LI VANIM, V'IM AYIN MESAH ANOCHI." - "Give me children, and if not I am dead." (Bereishis 30:1) - Rachel, who had no children, pleaded with Yakov to grant her children, for without them, she was like dead.
18) [line 50] "LU HIKSHAVTA L'MITZVOSAI, VAYEHI CHA'NAHAR SHELOMECHA, V'TZIDKASCHA K'GALEI HA'YAM. VAYEHI CHA'CHOL ZAR'ECHA, V'TZE'ETZA'EI ME'ECHA KIM'OSAV..." - "If only you would have listened to My commandments, your peace would be like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea. Your offspring would be like the sand, and those who emerge from your innards like its (the sea's) innards..." (Yeshayah 48:18-19)
19) [last line] "... V'NAFSHENU KATZAH BA'LECHEM HA'KELOKEL." - "... and our soul is disgusted with the insubstantial food." (Bamidbar 21:5) - The Jewish people complained about having no food and water, and about the Man that HaSh-m sent them, saying that it was "Kelokel," or "too light," in that it did not produce any waste. They thought that it was endangering their bodies when, in truth, it was a great kindness that HaSh-m made the Man produce no waste.
20) [line 9] "ASHREICHEM ZOR'EI AL KOL MAYIM, MESHALCHEI REGEL HA'SHOR VEHA'CHAMOR" - "Fortunate will you be, those who sow upon all waters, who send to roam freely the bull and the donkey." (Yeshayah 32:20)
21) [line 14] "ZIR'U LACHEM LITZ'DAKAH, KITZRU LEFI CHESED." - "Sow for yourselves for righteousness, reap according to kindness." (Hoshea 10:12)
22) [line 16] "HOY KOL TZAMEI LECHU LAMAYIM..." - "Ho! Everyone who is thirsty, go to the water..." (Yeshayah 55:1)
23a) [line 18] OL - yoke
25) [line 22] IMAH MACHARTI LISHCHOT; BITAH MACHARTI LISHCHOT - its mother I
sold in order to be slaughtered; its daughter I sold in order to be
slaughtered (OSO V'ES BENO)
26) [line 23] CHAG - the festival of Sukos
28) [line 30] ANAN DI'SHECHICHEI MUMIN D'PASLEI AFILU DOKIN SHEB'AYIN - for
us, blemishes [that invalidate an animal from being brought as a Korban] are
common, for even a blemish in the eye invalidates [the animal] (MUMIN: DOKIN
1. AVERES - blind (even in one eye)(b) "Dokin sheb'Ayin" (lit. eye's web, O.F. teile) refers to a thin film (cataract?) that develops due to an eye-disease which is considered to be a blemish, or, alternatively, a cut on the eyelids, that disqualifies an animal from being brought as a Korban, as the Torah states in Vayikra 21:20.
29) [line 32] MECHUSAR EVER (BENEI NOACH: MECHUSAR EVER)
30) [line 34] "UMI'KOL HA'CHAI, MI'KOL BASAR, SHENAYIM MI'KOL [TAVI EL HA'TEIVAH L'HACHAYOS ITACH]" - "And from all living things, from all flesh, two of everything [you shall bring into the ark to keep alive with you]" (Bereishis 6:19) - This command to Noach teaches that the animals which he will, in the future, offer as Korbanos to HaSh-m must be fully alive -- i.e. all of its limbs must be intact.
31) [line 36] ROSHEI EVARIM - limb-tips
32) [line 37] TEREIFAH (TEREIFAH: TEREIFAH EINAH YOLEDES)